(9.) "Major Leaguers 'Cut Up' at Minor Loop
9 Luncheon," The Sporting News, December 15, 1948, 6.
So why was priority given to a minor loop
road, between the Trunk Road and Church Lane known as C112, when Flatts Lane is used constantly night and day?
In order to transmit the signal with enough power and in order to receive the expected information, the multi-turn minor loop
devices were proposed by our previous work .
According to parameters characteristics of J-A model and the difference between simulation and experiment, the minor loop J-A model can be got through modifying the parameters a, [alpha], c, and k .
where [[gamma].sub.k], [[gamma].sub.a], [[gamma].sub.c], and [[gamma].sub.[alpha]] are, respectively, modified coefficient of k, a, c, and [alpha]; [[lambda].sub.m] is the maximum magnetostriction coefficient of minor loop.
These partial transformations are referred to as minor loop hysteresis cycles (figure 2) and complete or full transformations are referred to as major loop hysteresis cycles (Figure 3).
The excitation level defines the type of the loop; a higher level determines a major loop, being the favourable situation, while a low level determines a minor loop, where the behaviour of the SMA element is close to them of a linear spring.
Additionally, minor loops were simulated to investigate the possibility of creating additional stable magnetic states at vanishing external magnetic field.
In Figure 5, phase diagrams of the minor loops via onion states are shown.
The minor loops
span a magnetic field strength of around 30 to 50 A/m but contain almost no flux change.
Note, however, that the definition only applies to minor loops
21a and 21b were minor loops
from 0 T to 0.2 T and 0 T to 1 T, respectively.