minuet


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minuet

(mĭnyo͞oĕt`), French dance, originally from Poitou, introduced at the court of Louis XIV in 1650. It became popular during the 17th and 18th cent. In 3–4 meter and moderate tempo, the minuet was performed by open couples who made graceful and precise glides and steps. The minuet left a refined but definite imprint on music; it is found in the operatic sinfonias of Alessandro Scarlatti and appears frequently as a movement in the symphonies and sonatas of Haydn and Mozart.

Minuet

 

a French dance, which developed from a folk dance from the province of Poitou. The minuet became a courtly dance in the second half of the 17th century and then spread throughout Europe as a ballroom dance (in Russia, it was introduced by Peter I). It is marked by smooth, majestic movements, consisting primarily of bows and curtsies. The dance is in 3/4 time. In the 18th century the minuet acquired variations: the tempo was quickened, movements became more complicated, and the dance took on affected features.

Early examples of minuets appear in J. B. Lully’s ballets for operas, F. Couperin’s clavier music, G. F. Handel’s overtures to oratorios, and Handel’s and J. S. Bach’s orchestral and instrumental suites. Mozart gave the minuet exuberance and vitality. Gradually it was transformed into the scherzo (for example, in works by Beethoven). The minuet is rarely encountered in works from the late 19th century and early 20th (Debussy, Ravel, Fauré, Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev).

S. P. PANKRATOV

minuet

1. a stately court dance of the 17th and 18th centuries in triple time
2. a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance, sometimes as a movement in a suite, sonata, or symphony

Minuet

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References in periodicals archive ?
10:30 a.m.: Suzuki School of Elgin, with directors Lamar Blum and Chelsea Musson and accompanist Sue Smentowski, performing "Minuets 1-3," "Musette," "Gavotte in G minor" and "Gavotte in D major;" violinist Elise Chamberlin performing "Largo;" flute duet Gabriela Hernandez and Julian Potter with "March;" violin solo Sophie Chamberlin with "Courante;" violinist Zylie Constantino with "Preludio;" and Advanced Group with "Concerto in A minor, 1st movement"
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The stately minuet, from the French word menuet (meaning small or delicate), refers to the short steps taken in this stately 3/4 time dance of the 17th and 18th centuries, Artist J.C.
As a musician as well as a dancer, Austen would have heard, played, and danced the minuet, which permeated middle class culture.
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Beethoven's Minuet in G, interpreted here as a danzon, has Palmieri stating the melody and the horn section phrasing in a chamber/classical style.
Old Uncle Stickleback tunes his harp: He twangs in the key of C For the slow minuet and the languid eight-step At the porcupine jamboee.
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I made it clear in my 1985 Opus article and in my 1988 Early music article(3) that |Metronome marks for the slower minuets also appear in the twelve earlier Mozart symphonies Czerny edited.' The additional list of tempos by Czerny for Mozart quartets and quintets in table 1, which appears here for the first time, also shows a similarly wide range of minuet tempos, from slow to fast (for quartets and quintets, dotted minim = 44-84; together with the list of tempos by Czerny and Hummel for the Mozart symphonies, dotted minim = 42-88 - see table 2 of my 1988 Early music article).
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Although his best - known composition is the Minuet in G for piano, he made his reputation as a composer with the opera Manru (1901).
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