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in law, a minor crime, in contrast to a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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. At common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 a misdemeanor was a crime other than treason or a felony. Although it might be a grave offense, it did not affect the feudal bond or take away the offender's property. By the 19th cent. serious crimes were labeled felonies, and minor crimes misdemeanors. In the United States a misdemeanor usually is an offense that may be punished summarily by fine and by imprisonment for less than a year. Commission of a misdemeanor does not cancel citizenship or subject an alienalien,
in law, any person residing in one political community while owing allegiance to another. A procedure known as naturalization permits aliens to become citizens.

Each nation establishes conditions upon which aliens will be admitted, and makes laws concerning them.
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 to deportation. In some states of the United States certain minor law violations are not even classified as misdemeanors, e.g., traffic offenses and breach of municipal regulations.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


(US), misdemeanor
Criminal law (formerly) an offence generally less heinous than a felony and which until 1967 involved a different form of trial
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
As for wealthy college kids and prosperous lawyers, I share Natapoff's hope that our best bet for better misdemeanor policy is if they recognize their common humanity with undocumented laborers and single mothers.
(8) Also in 2018, Boston University held a two-day symposium (9) that generated nine articles on "the Misdemeanor Machinery," (10) while at least four additional law review articles explored important aspects of the petty-offense process.
A democracy should be transparent and participatory, but misdemeanor justice is opaque and insular.
Marshall's denial that he previously had been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence was made on ATF Form 4473, a federal form.
On appeal by the state, the Court of Appeals reasoned that Section 15-1 creates a two-year statute of limitations for certain misdemeanors because it provides, in part, that "all misdemeanors except malicious misdemeanors, shall be presented or found by the grand jury within two years after the commission of the same." It held that the state had two years to either prosecute the case or issue a warrant, indictment, or presentment that would toll the statute of limitations, and it failed to do so.
When the new law goes into effect, a person's first two such convictions will be Class A misdemeanors, carrying a maximum sentence of one year in jail, a fine of $6,250 or both.
Over the last two decades, however, the American criminal justice system has experienced a significant expansion in the number and severity of penalties triggered by misdemeanor convictions.
While state law makes it a misdemeanor to have up to 25 grams -- about a sandwich bag - of marijuana in ''public view,'' the mayor characterized stopping such arrests as an enforcement choice.
The Misdemeanor Deferred Prosecution Program (MDPP) was launched in 2012 in response to challenges faced by non-violent misdemeanants who end up with convictions.
Not only does the State relabel his offense as a "felony" instead of a "misdemeanor"--meaning that he loses his voting rights and suffers other collateral consequences of a felony conviction--the State also more than sextuples his time in prison.
What the Court did not rule on, is whether it is a violation of the Second Amendment to have a lifetime loss of firearm rights based on a misdemeanor crime.
The fiance of Kim Kardashian had pleaded no contest to misdemeanor battery against Daniel Ramos at Los Angeles International Airport and has been ordered to two years of probation, 24 private anger management sessions for the misdemeanor battery conviction, Fox News reported.