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(gour), ruined city, West Bengal state, India. Known also as Lakhnauti, the city was an ancient Hindu capital of Bengal. It was captured (c.1200) by the Islamic rulers of Delhi and remained a center of their culture until its abandonment in the late 16th cent. In 1537–38 Gaur was besieged and burnt by the Afghan ruler Sher Khan. The Kadam Rasul Mosque (1530), erected over relics supposedly belonging to Muhammad, is still a place of worship. The best-preserved structures are the Bara Sona Masjid and the finely carved Golden Mosque.


large wild ox of Southeast Asia, having a humplike ridge on the back. The gaur, Bos gaurus, is thought to be the largest of the wild cattle; the bulls may measure more than 6 ft (1.8 m) at the shoulder and weigh more than a ton. The coat in both sexes is generally dark brown, but the lower legs are white. The strongly curved horns sweep backward and inward. The gaur is native to hilly, forested districts of India, Myanmar, and the Malay Peninsula. It roams about in hilly country in small herds during the day, descending to the lowlands for fresh grass in the morning and evening. Another closely related animal, the semidomesticated gayal of Myanmar, is slightly smaller than the gaur. Some authorities believe that it is merely a domesticated version of the same animal. A third related animal, the kouprey, was not discovered until 1936 in central Cambodia. Some biologists have proposed that the kouprey, which now is probably extinct in the wild, is not a separate species but a hybrid between a zebuzebu
, domestic animal of the cattle family, Bos indicus, found in parts of E Asia, India, and Africa. The zebu characteristically has a large fatty hump (sometimes two humps) over the withers. It is usually fawn, gray, black, or bay.
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 and a banteng, another wild ox. See also cattlecattle,
name for the ruminant mammals of the genus Bos, and particularly those of the domesticated species, Bos taurus and B. indica. The term oxen, broadly used, refers also to closely related animals, such as the buffalo and the bison.
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. The gaur is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an artiodactyl of the Bovidae family. Length of an adult bull, approximately 3 m. Height at withers, up to 2.2 m. The cow is somewhat smaller. The back and sides are brownish black, the belly is yellowish brown, and the legs are off-white. The horns are massive (their length in a straight line reaches 83 cm). The gaur is found in India, Burma, and on the Malacca Peninsula. A gregarious and polygamous animal, it lives in small herds (five-12, occasionally 30-40 head) in large mountain woods, primarily at 600-1,700 m above sea level. It is a nocturnal animal. It feeds on grass, leaves, and shoots of trees and bushes. The gestation period lasts 8-9 months. In July through October the cows give birth to single chestnut-colored calves. The gaur’s number has been sharply reduced by man. Gaurs are hunted for their hides and their meat, which is of a high gustatory quality. Gaurs have been domesticated; the domesticated type is the gayal.


Mammals of the World, vol. 2. Baltimore, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Referring to Urs of mystic poet Khawaja Fareed in Mithan Kot, he said that Auqaf Department should spend funds for provision of required facilities.
The court heard that Mr Mithan, 23, from Roath, Cardiff, appeared to be 'staggering' in the middle lane of the three lane carriageway before he was hit by an Audi A4 travelling into the city about 2.45am.
James Mithan, 23, was killed in South Wales on November 5.
Over 18 villages were submerged near the Sutlej on Wednesday, including areas in Kasur, Chachran Sharif, Kot Mithan, Chanda Singhwala, Gati Kalanger, Mastayki, and Bhikiwind.
On Sunday, a 440,000- cusec flood was recorded at Kot Mithan. Thousands of acres of ready cotton crop have been damaged due to the flood.
Emergency Officer Operational, Rana Muhammad Yameen briefed in the meeting that two boats and soldiers were on high alert in flood area of Haji Pur while a flood relief camp has also set up at Kot Mithan area of River Chanab.
The remarks were given during the hearing of a petition filed by Abdul Ghani allegedly involved in a corruption case related to the construction of Benazir Bhutto Bridge over the River Indus linking Chachran Sharif with Kot Mithan.
KOT MITHAN -- Punjab Governor Malik Rafiq Rajwana said on Saturday that Pakistan Muslim League-N (PML-N) government took many initiatives for uplift of south Punjab and inauguration of decades old project, Shaheed Benazir Bridge shows seriousness of the government to end sense of deprivation among the people of the area.
Rajanpur Deputy Commissioner Ashfaq Ahmed took strict notice of the kidnapping incident at Darul Aman and formed an inquiry committee to find the culprits at the earliest.One kidnapped girl, who belonged to Muzaffargarh, was admitted to the Darul Aman on December 20, whereas the second girl, hailing from Kot Mithan, was admitted at the facility on December 23.
surprise visit assigned by the Punjab Government to Rajanpur, Kot Mithan
Free medical camps were also set up at Muzaffargarh, Kot Addu, Alipur and Kot Mithan.