mitochondrion


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Related to mitochondrion: lysosome

mitochondrion

a small spherical or rodlike body, bounded by a double membrane, in the cytoplasm of most cells: contains enzymes responsible for energy production
References in periodicals archive ?
In this way, stem cells serve as an excellent model to study "mitochondrial differentiation." As each mitochondrion contains DNA encoding for only 13 proteins, yet contains a subtype-specific proteomic profile of up to 1500 nuclear-encoded proteins, the significance of nuclear communication in the regulation of mitochondrial function becomes increasingly clear.
The distinctive folds of the inner membrane of each mitochondrion are known as cristae.
Such an extensive list should not be surprising, Wallace says, given the mitochondrion's importance in every cell.
Strands of DNA in the cell nucleus are millions of times longer than those in the mitochondrion, so the project may take a couple of years.
Only three percent of the blueprints (genes) that tell your body how to build a mitochondrion are concerned with energy production.
Early in the evolution of the endosymbiosis, a variant mitochondrion could destabilize the host-symbiont association in two related ways.
Cellular Communication Between the Mitochondrion and the Nucleus and Cancer
The mitochondrion is an organelle present in most of eukaryotic cells; it is in charge of ATP synthesis via oxidative phosphorylation (OX-PHOS), calcium metabolism, and the control of the apoptotic intrinsic pathway, among other functions.
Houstek, "Evaluation of basic mitochondrial functions using rat tissue homogenates," Mitochondrion, vol.
When Miro is destroyed, the motor detaches from the mitochondrion. The organelle, unable to move, can then be disposed of: The cell literally digests it.
The study could also result in new ways to think about attacking neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson and Alzheimer diseases, which have recently been linked to the function of mitochondria."When we're talking about looking for ways to cure cancer, we fundamentally need to understand what makes cells grow and die and the mitochondrion is right at the heart of these issues," said Carla Koehler, a professor of chemistry and biochemistry, Jonsson Cancer Center researcher and co-senior author of the study.
Lehninger of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine has reported, the mitochondrion membrane has been taken apart and analyzed.

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