Xiaoqin, Jones and Jayalath in  have proposed the Congestion Aware Routing protocol for Mobile ad hoc networks
Boudec, "Nodes Bearing Grudges: towards routing security, fairness and robustness in mobile ad hoc networks
," in Proc.
Simulation-based performance evaluation of routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks
, Mobile Networks and Applications, 5(8): 179-189.
Mukilan and Wahi  developed and designed the node mobility and efficient energy based data replication procedure to balance the, energy consumption,Query delay and data availability in mobile ad hoc networks
Cui, "Hybrid cluster routing: an efficient routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks
," in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC '06), pp.
In Mobile Ad Hoc Network
, it is convenient to establish a PKl and CA mechanism by using distributed key management schemes.
A security management scheme using a novel computational reputation model for wireless and mobile ad hoc networks
P, 2008,Improving Qos In Disconnected Mobile Ad Hoc Network
, Journal of Mobile Communications, Volume 2 No.
OLSR is type of table-driven pro-active link state routing protocol developed for mobile ad hoc network
OLSR exchange information with other nodes in the network .
When we deploy P2P network application over mobile ad hoc network
it may perform poorly and consumes a lot of energy because both are operating on different layers.
Keywords: Mobile ad hoc network
(MANET), Multipath routing, Clustering, Cluster head (CH), Super cluster head (SCH), Particle swarm optimization (PSO), Quality of service (QoS), Quality of experience (QoE), Network simulator2 (NS-2).
Routing in a mobile ad hoc network
is exceptionally difficult on account of its dynamic structure.