training

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training

(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.

Training

 

in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.

REFERENCES

See references under PRUNING FRUIT AND BERRY PLANTS.

B. P. ANZIN

References in periodicals archive ?
manufactures a unique line of mobility training equipment that can significantly improve functional independence.
Topographic city area maps for mobility training Topographic city area maps were produced to demonstrate how such maps could be used to enhance mobility by providing users with general knowledge of the surroundings in which they live or work.
He used the concept "respectability" in laying out those elements of the ideal blinded veteran's character that would reestablish him as, in Williams' formulation, a "man among men." For Williams, who established one of the world's first comprehensive program of blind mobility training based on white cane technique at the Hines, Illinois Veterans Administration Hospital, respectability meant refusing to surrender to self-pity or to accept pity from others; rejection of helplessness, particularly in the form of excessive dependence on others (especially female caregivers) for assistance with mobility; maintaining solidarity with other blinded veterans; and finding regular employment in the mainstream economy.
They won't give you any mobility training. They'll harass you to death.
Most state voc rehab programs offer job readiness training, job coaching, job placement, mobility training, and assistive technology assessments.
There should always be time for mobility training because recovery periods should be regularly included between sets or series, as well as at the end of a workout.
Meal time is another opportunity for mobility training. "We walk everyone into the dining room and they sit in regular chairs," Graca says.
Ideally, therapists should begin approaching the subject of wheeled mobility very early with parents, as powered mobility training can begin as early as eighteen months of age.
One area of mobility training which remains somewhat uncharted, however, is that of rural and recreational travel.
While forking to develop the mobility training application, we began to consider a problem that orthopedically-impaired high school students face when taking required science courses such as biology, chemistry, and physics.
Some organizations of persons who are blind are challenging many aspects of rehabilitation such as sheltered workshops, mobility training, techniques for teaching independent living, and the teaching of braille.
Touted as one of the most efficient workouts to drop that unwanted body fat, Speedplay is 'part HIIT, part strength and resistance training, and part mobility training, all wrapped up in a race-against-the-clock sense of urgency,' says its co-founder, personal trainer and nutritionist Xavier Quimbo.

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