moire


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moire

a fabric, usually silk, having a watered effect

Moiré

 

(1) A dense silk or semisilk patterned fabric of various hues; it is iridescent in the light. Moiré is used to make dresses, trimmings, and ribbons.

(2) Paper with a pattern stamped on the surface.

(3) Alternating dark and light stripes in an impression that result from the incorrect preparation of a halftone plate.

moiré

[mȯ′rā]
(communications)
In television, the spurious pattern in the reproduced picture resulting from interference beats between two sets of periodic structures in the image.
(graphic arts)
Undesirable patterns that occur when a halftone is made from a previously printed halftone or steel engraving; they are caused by the conflict between the dot arrangement produced by the halftone screen and the dots or lines of the original halftone or engraving; careful rotation of the halftone screen by the photographer or engraver may minimize moiré.
(textiles)
A fabric finish in which the warp has yarn of harder twist than the filling, with a surface pattern resembling water ripples that is produced by engraved rollers, heat, pressure, steam, and chemicals.

moire

Pronounced "mor-ray" and spelled "moiré." In computer graphics, a visible distortion. It results from a variety of conditions; for example, when scanning halftones at a resolution not consistent with the eventual printed resolution or when superimposing curved patterns on one another. Internal monitor misalignment can also be a cause. The term comes from the French "moirer" (to water) and is used to express a rippled, water-like look, which is often a desired artistic effect.


A Common Moiré Pattern
Reducing images with checkered or herringbone patterns often creates the Moiré look as in the above example. At the top, the pillow reduces correctly but the checkered fabric in the chair creates a swirling Moiré effect.







Halftone Examples
When printing halftones, rosettes are formed if the screens are registered properly. The magnified view at the bottom shows the misaligned rosettes, which actually create the Moiré pattern. (Images courtesy of Adobe Systems, Inc.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The dynamic deformation measurement of the high speed heated LY12 aluminium plate with moire interferometry, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 83(1-3): 159-163.
Among all the performance parameters, crosstalk, luminance homogeneity and moire fringe need to be treated with great care.
The Moire technique is a method used for measuring deformations, topographic outlines, slopes, curvatures and general forms of objects (Sciammarella, 1982).
It is much easier to automate since the materials are solid; no mixing, de-airing or pouring; and no chance for rework due to foreign object intrusion, moire and/or air bubbles.
Cellnovo has created a subsidiary in France with an oce in Paris, where Mr Moire will be based and responsible for sales in France, Belgium and Luxembourg.
The other new Kinegram variation for use in a banknote window that Tompkin presented was a Moire pattern version.
Furthermore, many other high-resolution microscope moire methods have been proposed and developed, such as the focused ion beam (FIB) moire method [10], the atomic force microscope (AFM) moire method [11], the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) moire method [12], the transmission electron microscope (TEM) moire method [13], and the laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM) moire method 14].
Fringe patterns can be formed coherently using various interferometers and incoherently using the moire technique, but can also be designed in fringe projection profilometry.
-- Non-moire - The proprietary SANTE Nanoparticle Dispersion forms a random network pattern on the surface of the SANTE FS100-LR-1N film, thus overcoming moire issues.
Try YSL's Moire Liquid Eyeliner (PS24, www.boots.com) or Barry M's Liquid Eyeliner in Pink (PS4.79, www.boots.com).
The sensor on the D7100 does not have the optical low pass filter (OLPF) which is generally used to minimise moire effect or scenes with repeating patterns.