Mole Crickets

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Mole Crickets


insects of the family Gryllotalpidae of the order Orthoptera. They live in the soil, digging passages through it. The front legs are highly developed and adapted for digging. Mole crickets are found on all continents; there are about 45 species. In the USSR, three species are found, with the mole cricket Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa being broadly distributed. It measures 3.5-5 cm and has well-developed wings that protrude (when they are folded) like flagella from under the shortened elytra. Mole crickets live primarily in river floodlands and on the shores of other bodies of water. During the day they stay underground, coming to the surface in the evening. They feed on underground parts of plants, as well as on earthworms and insects. When they settle in gardens, orchards, or irrigated land, they cause great harm by damaging underground plant parts, such as tubers and the root systems of potatoes, cucumbers, beets, corn, cotton, rice, and other crops. The females lay up to 60 eggs in a round chamber of the burrow. In southern regions development takes about one year; in the north it takes 2-2 1/2 years.


Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, our goal was to describe the external morphology, abundance, and distribution of antennal, labial and maxillary palpal sensilla of 4 mole cricket species (S.
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Talking back: sending soil vibration signals to lekking prairie mole cricket males.
We predict that, in general, the variable spatial arrangements exhibited among males within the prairie mole cricket lek will be related to the heterogeneity of the above ground habitat, and specifically that (1) as structural complexity (measured in terms of grass height and total biomass) increases, intermale spacing will decrease and (2) acoustic burrow angles will increase as above ground structural complexity (i.
Other insects such as chinch bugs, mole crickets, grasshoppers, and aphids do not change greatly in shape or form as they grow.
I use this species, because it is native in the areas where the biological control agents were released and because the mole cricket program has data about it, as a model for the tribe Gryllotalpini.
The first adult specimens were collected by net while they were flying over fresh mole cricket damage at the same site in Jun 2010.
As is typical for claims of tremendous economic benefits of biological control, the only basis for estimating the cost of mole cricket impact on turf-grasses is an unpublished document, this time a handout at a 1986 meeting of the Georgia Entomological Society (R.
Since changes in tunneling behavior could dramatically affect insect control and turf damage, additional research on mole cricket behavior was conducted using the synthetic insecticides bifenthrin, chlorantraniliprole, and fipronil in 2008 and 2009.
Diamond was relatively susceptible to the zoysiagrass mite (Eriophyes zoysiae Baker, Kono and O'Neill) and moderately resistant to tawny mole cricket (Scapteriscus vicinus Scudder).