mombin


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mombin

(mōm`bēn), any tree of the tropical genus Spondias of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family). The plum-shaped fruits, 1 to 2.5 in. (2.54–6.38 cm) long, are much eaten in the tropics. They are spicy and slightly acid in taste and are eaten fresh, boiled, dried, or in preserves. Best known are the red mombin, or Spanish plum (S. purpurea), marketed chiefly in Mexico and Guatemala, the yellow mombin (S. mombin, called also hog plum or jobo), and the otaheite apple or ambarella (S. cytherea), found in both the Old and New World tropics. The local common names vary widely. Mombin is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Spondias mombin, also known as hog plum, is called iyeye in Yoruba, ngulungu in Igbo, isada in Hausa.
Yellow mombin fruits were collected in January-February 2017 in the region of Montes Claros de Goias, Goias, Brazil (16[degrees] 06' 20" S; 51[degrees] 17' 11" W), placed in polyethylene bags (30 x 40 cm), stored in thermal boxes and taken to the Laboratory of Fruits and Vegetables of the Federal Institute of Goias (IF Goiano)--Campus of Rio Verde.
Leaves of bamboo, unripe pineapple, leaves of Spondias mombin and leaves of Portulaca oleraceae are put together in a pot, trona (kaun -Yoruba) is also added and the mixture is then boiled with water for about 35 minutes.
Moura Neto, Rocha, Afonso, and Costa (2015), studying the behavior of isotherms of yellow mombin powder obtained by spray-drying, found the best fitting for the models of BET and Henderson.
One of the production problems to be solved for the commercial production of yellow mombin, is that it is related to the production of plantlets due to the slow and irregular germination of the seeds (AZEVEDO; MENDES; FIGUEIREDO, 2004).
Spondias mombin has globose, oblong, ellipsoid, and oblongovoid to obovoid fruits (Fig.
Rorke) Baill., Phaseolus vulgaris L., Saccharum officinarum L., Spondias mombin L., Theobroma cacao L., and Uapaca guineensis Muell.
Asquieri et al., "Physicochemical characterization and behavior of biocompounds of caja-manga fruit (Spondias mombin L.)," Food Science Technology, vol.