Alborzi and Ostavar  found that normal students compared to gifted students got higher scores in thinking styles type II (executive, special, monarchic
Protesters are divided between calls for reform within the monarchic
systems, or their removal altogether.
The Iranian nation toppled the US-backed Pahlavi regime 34 years ago, ending 2,500 years of monarchic
rule in the country.
For years, the Qaddafi regime effectively fuelled anti-Sufi sentiment in the country, publicly portraying Sufism as a heretical form of Islam and as a fossil of monarchic
Libya that had no place in a "revolutionary" nation.
He shows how the Res Publica functioned (the Polish political system comprised elements of the republican and monarchic
systems, but it eventually deteriorated into an oligarchical one), how it went into decline trying to preserve the privileges of free citizenry while neighboring countries opted for absolute rule, how its writers kept making the distinction between liberty (wolnosc) and anarchy (swawola), and how "clientelism" weakened the republic and made it a victim of "cannibalism" by its neighbors.
In both, one witnesses the appearance of a new political entity, namely, the people as a collective participant in history; in both, this entity is addressed as "you." The kin-based political model of West Semitic cultures--versus the monarchic
model of Mesopotamia and Egypt--he finally argues, provides the proper context for understanding this social-linguistic development.
His Satyricon satirised both Jesuits ("Acignii") and puritans ("Catharinus"), and his satires and political treatises privileged monarchic
over papal authority.
It shuns wealthy, monarchic
and bureaucratic infestations of big cities and de tests false values based on self and power and char ters to restore morality in its proper place.
Decentralization is considered as the best solution to governance issues, even in monarchic
states such as Saudi Arabia.
Not everyone is comfortable under this absolute monarchic
"These buildings haven t changed since 1938," said Mohammed Benghazen, a community elder in his seventies who has seen Benghazi through monarchic
rule, 41-years of Kadhafi and two months under a Transitional National Council.
There is a window of opportunity to accelerate reforms and to address the acute centralisation of Moroccan politics and decision-making, the lack of accountability of the monarchic
institutions, as well as the fragility of representative bodies, such as parties and trade unions.