mongolism


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Related to mongolism: mongoloid

mongolism

[′mäŋ·gə‚liz·əm]
(medicine)
References in periodicals archive ?
Keay, "The significance of twins in mongolism in the light of new evidence," Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, vol.
Biomedical researchers write a letter to the Lancet objecting to the term "mongolism." They propose "Down's syndrome" or "trisomy 21" as an alternative.
"John Langdon Down, the British doctor who had discovered Down's Syndrome in the 1860s, described it as Mongolism and suggested that there were similar physical characteristics between people with Down's Syndrome and the Mongolian race.
At age 1, Karen was diagnosed with Down's Syndrome, commonly known as "mongolianism" or "mongolism."
The reply was usually, "a form of mongolism." Paolo was so devastated by the news that he could not bring himself to tell me, so he kept his secret for a whole month until we had our first visit with the pediatrician who, in the meantime, had been told of the situation.
Obviously, some of these terms present a high pejorative degree, including the term mongolism, which was widely used until 1961, when the criticisms contrary to its use have emerged.
Down's syndrome (DS) (trisomy 21, mongolism) is the most frequent trisomy in humans1 and is perhaps the oldest recognized condition associated with mental retardation and developmental delay.2 In 1866, Down's described clinical characteristics of the syndrome that now bears his name.3
A possible further cytogenetic mechanism in mongolism. Lancet 1962 Jan;1(7219):21-23.
Preventive medicine and mongolism. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 69, 391-401.