Monk Seals

(redirected from monk seal)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Monk Seals

 

(Monachinae), white-bellied seals, a subfamily of mammals of the family of true seals. The three genera are the Mediterranean (Monachus monachus), Caribbean (M. tropicalis), and Hawaiian (M. schauinslandi) monk seals. The Mediterranean monk seal is distributed from the Canary Islands and the Madeira Islands east through the Mediterranean Sea to the Black Sea. It has been annihilated to a considerable degree (in some places completely). They are found on rare occasions in the Black Sea only near the shores of Bulgaria; isolated individuals were formerly found on the shores of the USSR. Body length is usually about 3 m, but sometimes as great as 3.8 m. They are easily domesticated; they have no industrial significance.

REFERENCES

Ognev, S. 1. Zveri SSSR i prilezhashchikh stran, vol. 3. Moscow, 1935.
Kleinenberg, S. E. Mlekopitaiushchie Chernogo i Azovskogo morei. Moscow, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Mediterranean monk seal is the most endangered species of seal in the world and the only type in the region.
Regarding the Mediterranean monk seal, the study referred to an environmental impact assessment (EIA) conducted in December 2017, which recorded one birth in the area, "signalling the return of the Mediterranean monk seal after decades to a traditionally known area of reproduction."
Next to the trailhead is Ke'e Beach, where we watched an endangered Hawaiian monk seal as we enjoy a nap on the sand.
The bad news doesn't end there, however: Two of the Caribbean monk seal's relatives, the Mediterranean monk seal and the Hawaiian monk seal, are endangered as well.
HONOLULU -- The public will get an up-close view of how Hawaiian monk seals eat, sleep and swim this weekend as researchers share footage taken by cameras attached to the backs of the animals.
The first case under this new reward program and tip line involves three monk seals killed on MolokaOi and a fourth monk seal found killed on KauaOi.
Cyprus has added 179 km[sup.2] of protected inland sites - calcareous grasslands - and marine sites including the marine zone of Posidonia, which will improve the protection of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) and the Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus).
Large debris could damage reefs and shore-side facilities, while small debris could pollute beaches and injure endangered species such as the Hawaiian monk seal, said speakers from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and marine cleanup groups.
The gray wolf, trout, salmon, arctic fox, desert bighorn sheep, desert tortoise, Edith's checkerspot butterfly, golden toad, Hawaiian monk seal, lobster, manatee, painted turtle, penguin, streamside salamander and western toad are just a few of the species on Defenders' list that are negatively impacted by our profligate fossil fuel use.
Some years ago the population of the Black Sea monk seal along the Bulgarian coast was decimated by local fishermen because the seals would tear their nets," explained Kostadin Vulchev, a representative of the environmental NGO Balkani.
The Iberian lynx, found only in Spain and possibly Portugal, is among the nine species which are critically endangered - along with African wild dogs, the Mediterranean monk seal and the European mink.
In the snorkeling pool on the north end, you might see a rare sleeping monk seal.