monoester


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

monoester

[¦män·ō′es·tər]
(organic chemistry)
An ester that has only one ester group.
References in periodicals archive ?
Researcher Jonathan Little said, "Our study was done in healthy young participants but if the same responses were seen in people with, or at risk for, type 2 diabetes then it is possible that a ketone monoester supplement could be used to lower glucose levels and improve metabolic health.
The distilled water was washed and dried several times to obtain phosphate monoester starch [46].
To the resulting hemiacetal (1.04 g, 3 mmol), monoester 1 (0.61 g, 3 mmol), EDC (0.74 g, 3 mmol x 1.3 eq.), and catalytic amount of DMAP were added under nitrogen with C[H.sub.2][Cl.sub.2] (30 mL).
Typical organic P compounds are divided into phosphate monoesters, phosphate diesters, phosphonates, and organic polyphosphates.
Estimation of estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activities of some phthalate diesters and monoesters by MCF-7 cell proliferation assay in vitro.
When two free radicals happened to have a collision, it will lead to the loss of H and generated unsaturated 2-ethylhexyle-4-olefine acid monoester (C), whereas the other free radical generated saturated 2-ethylhexyl-olefine acid monoester (B).
Blount et al (12) demonstrated that instead of the mother compound, measurement of phthalate monoesters (MEHP, MEOHP, and MEHHP) may prevent misdiagnosis of exposure.
Low-molecular weight phthalates (low-MWP) such as diethyl phthalate (DEP) are mostly metabolized to their hydrolytic monoesters. They are used as coating for pharmaceuticals or in personal care products, including cosmetics or perfumes [1].
However, our previous work has identified potential problems with NMR detection and quantification of inositol P and have suggested there is a much greater diversity of monoester P species, with much present in high molecular weight fractions (Doolette et al.
9,161,896 B2) for a cosmetic that is comprised of an organic acid selected from the group consisting of n-octadecenyl succinic acid cholesteryl monoester, n-hexadecenyl succinic acid cholesteryl monoester, cholesterol hydrogen succinate and mixtures thereof; a base; ceramide; water; and an acid other than the first component.
In rats, DEP is hydrolyzed to its monoester metabolite, monoethyl phthalate (MEP) (Albro and Moore 1974); DEP metabolism is assumed to be similar in humans (ATSDR 1995).
The water was then removed by rotary evaporation under reduced pressure and dodecylpolyoxyethylene maleate monoester was obtained.