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see airplaneairplane,
or aircraft,
heavier-than-air vehicle, mechanically driven and fitted with fixed wings that support it in flight through the dynamic action of the air.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an airplane with a single wing. In the early 20th century wings were called planes, since they were thin and often flat. They were fastened to the airplane with wires, cables, or steel bands (wire-braced monoplanes) or with struts (strutted monoplanes). Later the use of high-strength materials made possible the elimination of braces and struts (cantilever monoplanes). The wing of a cantilever monoplane is heavier than the wing of a biplane. However, this drawback is balanced by better flying performance.

Monoplanes are classified as high-wing, mid-wing, or low-wing types, according to the position of the wing relative to the fuselage. Cantilever monoplanes are now universally used; however, braced and strutted monoplanes are still used in light aviation and sportflying.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An airplane with one main supporting surface wing that may be divided into two parts by the fuselage.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved


an aeroplane with only one pair of wings
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Most readers probably are aware of the Junkers J-1 and the potential it represented in going from wooden biplanes to metal monoplanes. But how did it and other Junkers designs compare against contemporaries?
Later, the monoplane traveled the length of the Adriatic Sea to Athens, Greece, followed by stops in Israel and Jordan.
Two months later the intrepid Moisant became the first person to fly a monoplane over New York City.
Mr Berg was a flying member of Cardiff Flying Club and Mr King, who had been flying for about two years, bought the monoplane in which he died just a year before.
Retractable landing gear and tow-wing, twin-engine monoplanes were emerging commercial designs when this article was printed in May 1934.
Thus this article describes impression technique utilizing the neutral zone concept and monoplane occlusion to improve the stability of mandibular denture in resorbed ridge cases.
Navy's "first monoplane carrier aircraft." I seem to recall TBDs, BTs, and even SB2Us before I ever heard of the Buffalo, but my 90-year-old brain is not too swift with regard to 70-year-ago things.
produced a little model monoplane, with its propeller spun by a twisted
The An-148 aircraft is a high-wing monoplane with twin jet turbine engines mounted in pods under the wing with a built-in auto-diagnosis system, auxiliary power unit, high reliability, as well as the wing configurating allow the An-148 to be used at poorly equipped airfields.
Summary: A French pilot has recreated the first-ever flight across the English Channel in a monoplane like the one that Louis Bleriot flew in 1909, complete with a wooden propeller, bicycle wheels and an engine as powerful as a lawnmower.
A PILOT flying a restored Bleriot XI monoplane flew over the English Channel yesterday to commemorate the centenary of the first cross-Channel flight.
On the first day of racing school, a young yellow monoplane named Zee is excited at the prospect of learning from famous racing planes--so excited that he forgets to use a checklist to ensure everything is in proper order before he begins flying!