monoterpene

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Related to Monoterpenes: Diterpenes

monoterpene

[¦män·ō′tər‚pēn]
(organic chemistry)
A class of terpenes with molecular formula C10H16; the members of the class contain two isoprene units.
A derivative of a member of such a class.
References in periodicals archive ?
and only trace amounts of pinenes (and monoterpenes in general) were detectable from lychee wood, a substrate highly attractive to X.
Cyclization enzymes in the biosynthesis of monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and diterpenes.
amp; Perry (Myrtaceae), whose major compounds are the monoterpenes (1,8-cineol, timol and eugenol), presenting [LCs.
25) the action mechanism of monoterpenes involves mainly toxic effects on the structure and function of the cell membrane.
Monoterpene and sesquiterpene emissions of three Mediterranean species through calcareous and siliceous soils in natural conditions.
Monoterpenes irritate mucous membranes, affecting the eyes and the respiratory system (Hedenstierna et al.
viscidum, which showed the minor toxic bioactivity in the first 24 h, did not exhibit the monoterpenes [alpha]-pinene, limonene, and [delta]-elemene.
Cobalt catalyzed autoxidation of monoterpenes in acetic acid and acetonitrile solutions.
Lemongrass oil is characterized for monoterpenes compounds, and citral is the major component, present at levels of, approximately, 65-85%.
The essential oil consisted mainly of oxygenated monoterpenes (75%) and monoterpenes (22%).
The typical constituents of valerian roots are found to be valeric and isovaleric acid, monoterpenes ([alpha]-pinene, [alpha]-fenchene, camphene), monoterpenic esters (bornyl acetate, myrtenyl acetate, myrtenyl isovaleriate), oxygen containing sesquiterpenes, and valerian cyclopentanoid sesquiterpenes such as valerenal, valerenone, valerenol, valerenyl acetate, valerenic acid, and valerenyl isovalerate.