In a sweeping condemnation of modern moral philosophy
, she maintains, "English philosophers from Henry Sedgwick to present day are of little importance, given that they are all consequentialists in some form or another." Consequentialism, as the name implies, holds that an action or policy derives its moral worth from is likely consequences.
By intertwining ethical reflection and textual analysis, "Wittgenstein's Ethics and Modern Warfare" aspires to place Wittgenstein's moral philosophy
at the centre of discussions on war, literature, and the arts.
The roles moral philosophy
plays on academic ethics shed light on how to teach ethics more efficiently.
In fact, three of the major movements in Twentieth Century Anglophone moral philosophy
rejected the traditionally normative character of the field altogether, insisting instead on a meta-ethics which examines the meaning of moral language, while a fourth, virtue ethics, sought and still seeks to appropriate and reinvigorate a neo-Aristotelian concentration on the contextual character of moral action (which seems like exactly what Ryn is seeking).
Given the nature of the relation between Geach and Anscombe it is beyond doubt that his ideas influenced in a certain degree Anscombe's perspective exposed in Modern Moral Philosophy
. But unfortunately for him, his merits have been largely ignored as a result of the enormous impact Modern Moral Philosophy
had on moral philosophy
Part IV, 'Moral Philosophy
', covers complex questions such as free will and motivation, examining the writers associated with the four major schools of thought: John Bramhall, Thomas Hobbes, Ralph Cudworth, and Locke.
The book pays particular attention to the roots of Smith's moral philosophy
found in the works of Thomas Hobbes, the Earl of Shaftesbury, Bernard Mandeville, and David Hume.
Lee examines the relationship between Augustine and Petrarch by way of different themes: Petrarch's approach to literary imitation; the place of Augustine in the Secretum regarding reason, will, and the meditatio mortis; Augustine's influence regarding the themes of the virtuous life and friendship as found in Petrarch's De otio religioso, De vita solitaria, and the De remediis utriusque fortune; and finally the connection between Augustine's De doctrina Christiana and Petrarch's conception of eloquence and moral philosophy
Cognitive disability and its challenge to moral philosophy
Yet this interest in, and widespread discussion of, ethics has a common flaw: it is characterized by a malign neglect of, if not an outright animosity toward, faith and the rich faith-informed intellectual history of moral philosophy
. Indeed, to the extent that morality is viewed as being informed by, influenced by, or, more to the point, infected by historical faith-friendly traditions, such moral philosophy
is carefully avoided within the cacophony of contemporary ethical discourse.
Toulmin was among the more distinguished "writers on applied ethics." His books, The Place of Reason in Ethics and The Uses of Argument, had stirred moral philosophy
. In an unusual move for an academic philosopher, he accepted an invitation to become "staff philosopher" to the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research.
He was a well-rounded man of the American Enlightenment, who preached influential sermons while writing and lecturing on moral philosophy
and political economy.