Morbidity

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morbidity

[mȯr′bid·əd·ē]
(medicine)
The quantity or state of being diseased.
The conditions inducing disease.
The ratio of the number of sick individuals to the total population of a community.

Morbidity

 

a medical statistical index reflecting the total number of cases of diseases recorded during a calendar year among the population of a particular area. It is expressed as the number of cases per 100, 1,000, or 10,000 persons. The morbidity level in the previous calendar year and its changes in several preceding years are major indicators of the health of the population and of the effectiveness of the work of the public health organizations. These statistics are also used as the basis for the planning of all therapeutic and preventive measures.

The adoption of the international nomenclature and classification of diseases and causes of death by the USSR in 1965 made it possible to analyze morbidity according to standard principles and to obtain comparable results. An exhaustive recording of diseases does not only include those illnesses first recorded in a particular year. It also records all diseases, including chronic illnesses, that were detected in the past and required regular visits to the doctor in a given year. This type of medical statistical index is called the prevalence rate.

O. G. FROLOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
We intended to compare the prevalence of various morbidities amongst males and females and to assess the morbidities encountered by them along the lines of other variables like marital status, literacy and age.
Amongst all, a few especially reproductive tract infections and sexually transmitted infections (RTIs/STIs) may turn out to be fatal if not treated properly.1 Reproductive morbidities can be divided into three types namely obstetric, gynecological and contraceptive morbidities.
The population-based retrospective cohort study compared age-specific rates of severe maternal morbidities and mortality among 828,269 pregnancies in Washington state between 2003 and 2013.
There were 82 documented morbidities related to the management of abdominal trauma.
Therefore knowledge about pattern and frequency of morbidities is useful in developing intervention programs.
Some hospitais have proposed late-preterm initiatives that include education of all medical team members in the well-baby nursery and parents on the morbidities of late-preterm infants, as well as having special markings or tags on the late-preterm infant's cribs as a reminder of the need for these extended assessments (Corso & DeButy, 2011; Stoltz, Straughn, & Kupsick 2011).
Dieter Klaus and colleagues said that people whose intake of dietary sodium chloride is in excess of 6 g per day increase their risk of cardiovascular morbidities and hypertension.
The 155 older patients--aged 60-76 years--had a 6% mortality after 5 years of follow-up, and another 14% had had serious morbidities that delayed their discharge from the hospital follwing surgery, such as wound infections, bowel obstructions, or cardiovascular events.
The 155 older patients--aged 60-76 years--had a 6% mortality after 5 years of follow-up, and 14% had had serious morbidities that delayed hospital discharge such as wound infections and bowel obstructions.
Moreover, many of the "new morbidities" of childhood--intellectual impairments, behavioral problems, asthma, and preterm birth--are linked with remarkably low-level exposures to environmental pollutants [Wisborg et al.
We had an overall morbidity rate of 40%; although this figure seems relatively high, it is comparable with that of large series published previously.9,15 The main causes of morbidity in our study included wound infections (16%), bile leak (5.3%), intra-abdominal collections (5.3%), pulmonary complications (9.3%) and ascites (6.7%).These morbidities prolonged the postoperative recovery period, but were successfully managed conservatively.