MNI coordinates of the center of the spherical ROIs that were used in task-based fMRI comparisons Region MNI coordinates (x, y, z) Left primary motor cortex -42, -16, 52 Right primary motor cortex 39, -22, 52 Left supplementary motor area
-9, -16, 67 Right supplementary motor area
12, -16, 67 Left thalamus -12, -19, 4 Right thalamus 12, -19, 4 Left putamen -21, 8, -5 Right putamen 24, 8, -5 Left caudate -15, 14, 10 Right caudate 15, 14, 10 Left globus pallidus -15, -4, -5 Right globus pallidus 18, -4, -5 MNI, Montreal Neurological Institute; fMRI, functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Researchers identified a prevalence of 17% suspected delays in the Gross Motor area
and its association with neonatal, family and daycare exposure factors in children up to three years old, assisted in public day care centers with disadvantages in children up to 24 months in Locomotion Skills.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the supplementary motor area
in the treatment of Tourette syndrome: report of two cases.
Also propose that the primary motor cortex cause more changes in the motor areas
during the motor execution (ME) than in the MI due to interaction with supplementary motor area
In contrast, there are also studies showing that activation of cortical motor areas
that have somatotopic organization with action-related language does not follow somatotopic organization (6).
L: left; R: right; PreC: precentral; Orb: orbitalis; Tri: triangularis; Operc: opercularis; SMA: supplementary motor area
. Table 5: changes in resting-state connectivity in the control patient (GB) during the equivalent of the treatment period and the baseline period.
Cutaneomotor integration in human hand motor areas
: somatotopic effect and interaction of afferents.
A person whose left hand and arm are paralyzed has sustained damage to the motor areas
on the right side of the brain.
Cluster #4 is located in the left superior frontal lobe superior (BA6) consequently corresponding to the supplementary motor area
. Cluster #5 is located in the left inferior occipital gyrus (BA 18).
SMA: Supplementary Motor Area
. Figure adapted from Pavlova et al.
During the active task performed at postinterventions with the affected foot, the SMC, the SMA, the cerebellum, cingulate motor area
, and the supramarginal gyrus contralateral and ipsilateral to the movement were activated (Figure 2(b) and Table 3).
On the other hand, a small percentage of patients with a deep lesion including the basal ganglia without frontal cortical damage were reported to exhibit a positive palmar grasp reflex , and the extension of a supplementary motor area
(SMA) lesion into more lateral regions of area 6 may increase the strength of the grasp reflex .