Based on the longitudinal comparison of RS-fMRI, functional connectivity (FC) increased in the motor areas
and decreased in the extramotor areas of ALS patients.
* Congenital mirror movement disorders (CMMD) are closely related to abnormal primary motor cortex and supplementary motor area
activity during unimanual movements.
In the Gross Motor area
, which evaluates skills such as balance and overall motor coordination, both had a small but slightly higher percentage for girls.
This may support a more flexible embodied theory suggesting that other areas of the brain, in addition to motor areas
are recruited during action-related language.
Evaluation of effective connectivity of motor areas
during motor imagery and execution using conditional Granger causality.
We selected anatomical ROIs in bilateral frontal areas: inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) pars opercularis (Operc), pars triangularis (Tri), and pars orbitalis (Orb); precentral gyrus (PreC), insula, and supplementary motor area
To move the left hand, they realized, specific electrical signals indicating movement planning first appear in a motor area
on the left side of the brain.
Five regions of interest were selected: SMC (corresponding to paracentral lobule), SMA, the cingulate motor area
, the anterior and posterior cerebellum, and the secondary somatosensory area.
FoG may be due to a failure to adequately scale amplitudes for the intended movement  and/or defective motor programming by the supplementary motor area
(SMA) and its maintenance by the basal ganglia, leading to a mismatch between intention and automation .
 tested the effects of tDCS on ipsilesional higher motor areas
paired to CIMT.
The current study suggests that MI patients with T2DM have additive impairments in depression, somatic, memory, aggression and motor areas
. The past literature is in line with the results of our study; patients with diagnosis of either HF or T2DM exhibit high rates of neurobehavioral and cognitive impairment in these domains (Vogels, Scheltens, Schroeder-Tanka, and Weinstein, 2007).
Subsequently, research-based mapping of the functions of the cerebral cortex using brain extirpation in nonhuman animals, clinical brain damage or extirpation in humans, and electrical stimulation in human and nonhuman animals identified distinct sensory and motor areas
in the cerebral cortex.