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a. the engine, esp an internal-combustion engine, of a vehicle
b. (as modifier): a motor scooter
2. a machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy by means of the forces exerted on a current-carrying coil placed in a magnetic field
3. any device that converts another form of energy into mechanical energy to produce motion
a. Chiefly Brit a car or other motor vehicle
b. as modifier: motor spares
5. producing or causing motion
6. Physiol
a. of or relating to nerves or neurons that carry impulses that cause muscles to contract
b. of or relating to movement or to muscles that induce movement


A machine that converts electric energy into mechanical energy by utilizing forces produced by magnetic fields on current-carrying conductors. Also known as electric motor.
Pertaining to efferent nerves which innervate muscles and glands.
That which causes action or movement.


A machine that converts electrical into mechanical energy. Motors that develop rotational mechanical motion are most common, but linear motors are also used. A rotary motor delivers mechanical power by means of a rotating shaft extending from one or both ends of its enclosure (see illustration). The shaft is attached internally to the rotor. Shaft bearings permit the rotor to turn freely. The rotor is mounted coaxially with the stationary part, or stator, of the motor. The small space between the rotor and stator is called the air gap, even though fluids other than air may fill this gap in certain applications.

In a motor, practically all of the electromechanical energy conversion takes place in the air gap. Commercial motors employ magnetic fields as the energy link between the electrical input and the mechanical output. The air-gap magnetic field is set up by current-carrying windings located in the rotor or the stator, or by a combination of windings and permanent magnets. The magnetic field exerts forces between the rotor and stator to produce the mechanical shaft torque; at the same time, in accord with Faraday's law, the magnetic field induces voltages in the windings. The voltage induced in the winding connected to the electrical energy source is often called a countervoltage because it is in opposition to the source voltage. By its magnitude and, in the case of alternating-current (ac) motors, its phase angle, the countervoltage controls the flow of current into the motor's electrical terminals and hence the electrical power input. The physical phenomena underlying motor operation are such that the power input is adjusted automatically to meet the requirements of the mechanical load on the shaft. See Electromagnetic induction, Magnet, Windings in electric machinery

Both the rotor and stator have a cylindrical core of ferromagnetic material, usually steel. The parts of the core that are subjected to alternating magnetic flux are built up of thin steel laminations that are electrically insulated from each other to impede the flow of eddy currents, which would otherwise greatly reduce motor efficiency. The windings consist of coils of insulated copper or aluminum wire or, in some cases, heavy, rigid insulated conductors. The coils may be placed around pole pieces, called salient poles, projecting into the air gap from one of the cores, or they may be embedded in radial slots cut into the core surface facing the air gap. In a slotted core, the core material remaining between the slots is in the form of teeth, which should not be confused with magnetic poles. See Eddy current

Direct-current (dc) motors usually have salient poles on the stator and slotted rotors. Polyphase ac synchronous motors usually have salient poles on the rotor and slotted stators. Rotors and stators are both slotted in induction motors. Permanent magnets may be inserted into salient pole pieces, or they may be cemented to the core surface to form the salient poles.

The windings and permanent magnets produce magnetic poles on the rotor and stator surfaces facing each other across the air gap. If a motor is to develop torque, the number of rotor poles must equal the number of stator poles, and this number must be even because the poles on either member must alternate in polarity (north, south, north, south) circularly around the air gap.


A machine which converts electric power into mechanical power by means of a rotating shaft.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said he started with motoric access issues, but also looked at various cognitive processing issues.
It could be shown that the cannabinoid antagonist SR141716A enhances the stimulation of the motoric system by quinpirole, an agonist of the dopamine receptor D2/D3 (Giuffrida et al.
The literature on children with visual impairments has often built on a "developmental lag" theory (Warren, 1994), which means that it is expected that children with severe vision loss acquire different abilities (cognitive, motoric, and social) at a later age than do sighted children.
In a study by Coles and Duncan-Johnson (1975), participants showed the strongest increase of phasic heart rate in response to a stimulus within a series if the stimulus indicated the requirement of a motoric response.
However, The Piano exploded into the cultural consciousness, and Nyman's score, drenched with Scottish melodies subjected to his trademark style of motoric repetition and layering, went on to sell over three million copies.
Relevant symptoms of depression in these patients included energy loss, concentration problems, weight change, sadness, sleep disorder, motoric slowing, motivation loss/diminished interest in activities, guilt, and death ruminations.
They reported motoric immaturity, limited lability, and hypoactive reflexes on the Brazelton Neonate Scale among infants in the study group on postpartum day three.
Fluency experts have identified common component skills that often are required for facile demonstration of complex skills and motoric chains.
The most significant improvement in the treatment group was seen in physical fitness, mental fatigue and neuro motoric tests (p<0.
The PANDAS clinical course was characterized by a relapsing-remitting symptom pattern with significant psychiatric comorbidity accompanying the exacerbations; emotional liability, separation anxiety, nighttime fears and bedtime rituals, cognitive deficits, oppositional behaviors, and motoric hyperactivity were particularly common (1-4).
Rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is characterized by complex motoric behaviours that occur during REM sleep.
A greater variety of functional and motoric variables should be applied in future research and their correlation with various indicators of situational efficiency of football players should be analysed as well.