mound

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mound,

prehistoric earthwork erected as a memorial or landmark over a burial place, a defensive embankment, or a site for ceremonial or religious rites or other functions. Such structures are found in many parts of the world, but the name is applied in particular to those of North America, ascribed to a people known as Mound BuildersMound Builders,
in North American archaeology, name given to those people who built mounds in a large area from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico and from the Mississippi River to the Appalachian Mts.
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. Sometimes the term is also applied to heaps of community refuse, as in shell moundshell mound,
in archaeology, a mound consisting largely of the shells of edible mollusks. It is a kind of kitchen midden found in various parts of the world.
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.

mound

[mau̇nd]
(geology)
A low, isolated, rounded natural hill, usually of earth. Also known as tuft.
A structure built by fossil colonial organisms.

mound

1. a small natural hill
2. Archaeol another word for barrow
3. an artificial ridge of earth, stone, etc., as used for defence
References in periodicals archive ?
Outflow rates were highest for the mounded treatments (furrowed plots).
Although sediment concentration in overland flow was unaffected by inflow rate in the mounded treatments, there was a strong relationship between inflow rate and sediment loss in the stick-raked treatment (plots 13 and 14) (Table 8).
The qualitative ranking of infiltration rates of simulated rainfall for the various stick-raked and mounded treatments (Table 4) was as follows: stick-raked > freshly mounded 1% > freshly mounded 2% > consolidated mounds 1%.
Infiltration rates observed in mounded areas are a synthesis of differing infiltration rates in the various mound components, i.e.
Mean sediment concentrations in overland flow from stick-raked plots were generally much higher than those observed in the mounded treatments (Table 8).
On the 18-[m.sup.2] plots, erosion under simulated rainfall was greater in the mounded areas than the stick-raked areas (Table 5).
The data indicate that sediment transport from consolidated mounded plots is less than that observed from freshly mounded plots (Table 5, excluding Plot 12), despite considerably higher runoff from the consolidated plots (Table 4).
Nutrient losses measured during rainfall simulation on mounded sites (Table 6) equate to some 0.1-1.0% of the surface 100 mm store of total nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus (Table 3).
Preferential transport of smaller sized particles and organic matter of low bulk density was particularly marked in mounded sites, where high nutrient concentrations in runoff result from high rates of detachment on the steep mound profiles.