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(är`nəkə), any plant of the genus Arnica, yellow-flowered perennials of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family), native to north temperate and arctic regions. In North America, arnicas grow in woody areas of the plains region and the Pacific coast, northward to arctic Alaska. Medicinal preparations for the treatment of wounds and bruises are sometimes made from arnica plants, chiefly A. montana of the European Alps. Arnica is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of perennial herbs of the family Compositae.

There are more than 30 species of Arnica, most of which are found in North America. Some are found in Europe and Asia. In the USSR there are eight species. The best known is mountain tobacco (A. montana). It has a short, thick rhizome, is up to 60 cm high, and has a single involucrate head of yellow orange flowers. Mountain tobacco is found in Byelorussia, Lithuania, and the western Ukraine in forests and mountain meadows. As a rule, it grows in moist soils. In medicine an alcohol infusion made from the dried flower heads is used as a cholagogue and an antihemorrhagic (in uterine hemorrhaging). Mountain tobacco, A. foliosa, and A. chamissonis are cultivated as medicinal plants.


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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<BThe Mountain Daisy Pub in Hylton Road, Sunderland
The Crown Posada pub on Newcastle's Quayside is featured, as well as Gateshead''s Central pub, South Shields' ' Stag''s Head and Sunderland''s Mountain Daisy and Dun Cow.
Made from a natural active ingredient (Arnica montana, which is Latin for the mountain daisy), Arnicare Gel is safe to use at the first sign of muscle pain.
"The process begins with our sourcing --using only the highest-grade mountain daisy plant -and then continuing with our efficient, pharmaceutical-grade manufacturing process.
It's believed a thief plundered the fruit machines in the Mountain Daisy, on Hylton Road, Millfield, Sunderland, before setting two fires in a storage room and bar area.
The Mountain Daisy in Hylton Road, which features tiled portrayals of local scenes.
"The process begins with our sourcing--using only the highest-grade mountain daisy plant--and then continuing with our efficient, pharmaceutical-grade manufacturing process."
In the Premier Division, Mountain Daisy beat Blue House 3- 2 and Easington Lane WMC overcame Redhouse 2- 1.