mufti


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mufti

(mŭf`tē), in Islamic law, attorney or judicial/religious scholar who writes his opinion (fatwafatwa,
in Islamic law, an opinion made by a judicial/religious scholar (a mufti) on a legal, civil, or religious matter. The fatwa is usually a valuable source of information on any subject for private individuals or for judges or other authorities, and it is normally used as a
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) on legal subjects for private clients or to assist judges in deciding cases. The recorded opinions of the muftis are a valuable source of information for the actual working of Islamic law as opposed to the abstract formulation. Only in the fields of marriage, divorce, and inheritance are the fatwas binding precedents; on other subjects they might be set aside. In the Ottoman Empire the muftis were state officials, and the mufti of Constantinople was the highest of these. The British, who retained the institution in some Muslim areas under their control, gave to the office of Amin al-HusseiniHusseini, Amin al-
, 1896?–1974, Arab political and religious leader. He was inveterately opposed to the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine, and, suspected of complicity in anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem (1920), he fled to avoid punishment.
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, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, great political importance.

Mufti

 

in Islam, a higher theological figure empowered to pronounce opinions on religious and legal matters and to give instructions about the application of the sharia (the body of formally established sacred law in Islam). A mufti’s opinion (fatwa) is based on the religious and legal canons of the Islamic school (Sunnism or Shiism) or sect (madhab) predominant in a given country.

mufti

1. a Muslim legal expert and adviser on the law of the Koran
2. (in the former Ottoman empire) the leader of the religious community
References in periodicals archive ?
He parried a question whether the provincial government had decided to propose Mufti Popalzai's name to the federal government.
PESHAWAR -- In a bid to solve the moon sighting controversy once and for all, the provincial information minister has suggested appointing Mufti Shahabuddin Popalzai of Peshawar as the head of the Central Ruet-e-Hilal (Moon-sighting) committee.
On the directions of All Parties Hurriyat Conference Chairman, Syed Ali Gilani, a delegation led by Syed Naseem Gilani participated in the funeral prayers of Mufti Bashir-ud-Din in Srinagar.
Prime Minister Imran Khan has condemned the incident of firing on religious Islamic Scholar Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani.PM said attack on leading personality like Muhammad Taqi Usmani is a serious conspiracy and every effort will be made to expose this.
ISLAMABAD -- Ruet-e-Halal Committee Chairman Mufti Muneeb-ur-Rehman on Monday suggested to hand over government to Mufti Shahabud Din Popalzai.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa -- Information Minister Shaukat Yousafzai has suggested appointing Mufti Popalzai as chairman of the moon sighting committee, replacing Mufti Muneebur Rehman to end the controversial moon sighting issue.
'Mufti Popalzai has claimed moon sighting and his claims have proven true a few times, In my understanding Mufti Muneeb Ur Rehman should be rested for a while and Mufti Popalzai should be made the head of the moon sighting committee,' continued Yousafzai.
Khalid Mufti, a well known Psychiatrist here on Friday.
Mufti referred to the provincial council elections and especially Article 24 that was passed by the Iraqi Parliament on July 22.
Mufti's "exercise in secular criticism" turns out to resemble Adorno's "dialectics" in that it roundly condemns any political consequences of Enlightenment utopianism (Mufti 262).
Six Emirati women are being selected for a training program that starts early next year, the National newspaper reported, quoting the Dubai's grand mufti Ahmed al-Haddad as saying.
Mufti of Jerusalem: Haj Amin el-Husseini and National Socialism Belgrade: Cigoja Stampa.