mufti

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mufti

(mŭf`tē), in Islamic law, attorney or judicial/religious scholar who writes his opinion (fatwafatwa,
in Islamic law, an opinion made by a judicial/religious scholar (a mufti) on a legal, civil, or religious matter. The fatwa is usually a valuable source of information on any subject for private individuals or for judges or other authorities, and it is normally used as a
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) on legal subjects for private clients or to assist judges in deciding cases. The recorded opinions of the muftis are a valuable source of information for the actual working of Islamic law as opposed to the abstract formulation. Only in the fields of marriage, divorce, and inheritance are the fatwas binding precedents; on other subjects they might be set aside. In the Ottoman Empire the muftis were state officials, and the mufti of Constantinople was the highest of these. The British, who retained the institution in some Muslim areas under their control, gave to the office of Amin al-HusseiniHusseini, Amin al-
, 1896?–1974, Arab political and religious leader. He was inveterately opposed to the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine, and, suspected of complicity in anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem (1920), he fled to avoid punishment.
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, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, great political importance.

Mufti

 

in Islam, a higher theological figure empowered to pronounce opinions on religious and legal matters and to give instructions about the application of the sharia (the body of formally established sacred law in Islam). A mufti’s opinion (fatwa) is based on the religious and legal canons of the Islamic school (Sunnism or Shiism) or sect (madhab) predominant in a given country.

mufti

1. a Muslim legal expert and adviser on the law of the Koran
2. (in the former Ottoman empire) the leader of the religious community
References in periodicals archive ?
Several news outlets reported Dr Mahathir as questioning why the country's muftis did not correct PAS leader Datuk Seri Abdul Hadi Awang who issued a controversial 'amanat' on the Memali Incident in 1985.
BEIRUT: A recent meeting between the son of Grand Mufti Sheikh Mohammad Rashid Qabbani and an aide of former Prime Minister Sd Hariri is unlikely to thaw ties between the Future Movement leader and the head of Dar al-Fatwa.
"As the Prime Minister regrets the deplorable headway some are trying to drag the Sunnite community into (...), especially as to the post of Sidon Mufti, he is keen on confirming the following: - the legislative decree number 18/55 determined, in amended article 29, the principles of electing the mufti of the regions, whereas any incompliant appointment is deemed violation of the law and void," a statement by the Premiership Bureau clarified.
Outraged imams submitted Thursday with the Parliament a declaration signed by 200 000 Bulgarian Muslims demanding annulment of the reinstatement of Nedim Gendzhev as Chief Mufti.
"The controversy over female muftis is not necessarily over this point, but about whether or not a woman should be appointed as the grand mufti of a state," he said.
In a separate Sinar Harian report, PAS information chief Nasrudin Hassan said dragging muftis into the picture only showed that Dr Mahathir failed to own up to his mistakes.
The two sides held a session of talks and discussed cooperation between the Supreme Islamic Affairs Council (SIAC) and the Russian Muftis Shura Council.
BEIRUT: The dispute within the Higher Islamic Council generated further divisions Thursday, with the Bek Valley region of Rashaya now having two muftis.
The Bulgarian police have prevented about 100 imams from blockading a major in Southwestern Bulgaria in protest against the reinstatement of Nedim Gendzhev as Chief Mufti.
Summary: Grand Mufti Sheikh Mohammad Rashid Qabbani's powers are set to be reduced to the minimum as the council awaits the election of his replacement, sources familiar with the issue have told The Daily Star.
Muslims from all the 18 regional Mufti Offices in Bulgaria have participated in an unprecedented prayer on Friday as another peaceful protest against the reinstatement of Nedim Gendzhev as the Muslim religious leader in Bulgaria.
ISLAMABAD, January 07, 2010 (Frontier Star): Five eminent Muftis of Pakistan have issued decree against demolition of minarets of the mosques in Switzerland besides calling upon the Muslim countries including government of Pakistan to snap diplomatic ties with Switzerland.