Non-hereditary foetal hyperechoic kidneys can result from various causes such as an obstructive dysplasia, bilateral multicystic kidney
disease, nephroblastomatosis, renal vein thrombosis, ischemia, infectious and metabolic diseases, nephrotic syndrome, and aneuploidy.
Tubulocystic carcinoma of kidney: A challenging diagnostic entity mimicking multicystic kidney
and presenting with bone metastasis.
In the prenatal period, renal dysplasia is always found by ultrasound screening and manifests as multicystic kidney
, pelvic cyst, renal agenesis, or genital mass.
His past medical history included a grade 4 left temporal glioblastoma, diagnosed 11 months before, and multicystic kidney
The differential diagnosis of a cystic mass located between the kidney and the spine includes urinoma, lymphangioma, hemorrhagic neuroblastoma, mesenteric cyst, enteric duplication, multicystic kidney
disease, polycystic kidney disease and ureteric duplication.
As personal background, the patient presented right side nephrectomy as a child due to non-working multicystic kidney
, associated to right megaureter, left kidney malrotation, grade III reflux endoscopic repair, with renal normal function, oval fossa aneurysm, without atrial septal defect, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purple, left ear hearing loss, and right inguinal herniorrhaphy.
Medics told the couple there was no chance of their baby surviving as the multicystic kidney
disease affected both of his kidneys and neither were functioning.
It is worth noting that the often-quoted rate of vesicoureteral reflux up to 43% from the Multicystic Kidney
Registry is prone to selection bias as only 15% of patients in the registry had a voiding cystogram.
Risk ofWilms' tumour with multicystic kidney
disease: a systematic review.
Other conditions that may be associated with DiGeorge are atopic disorders (asthma and eczema) rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune thyroiditis, renal abnormalities (such as multicystic kidneys
and Vesicoureteral reflux).