Figure 1 shows the proposed disjointed multipath routing
. The source node splits the video data to transmit to neighboring nodes using Bluetooth that has a higher bandwidth than Zigbee.
Given information about the underlying network graph,  proposes multipath routing
heuristics for unicast and multicast scenarios along with a data scheduling algorithm.
Erfani, "Survey of multipath routing
protocols for mobile ad hoc networks," Journal of Network and Computer Applications, vol.
Ashraf, "Performance Evaluation of On-demand Multipath Routing
Protocols for Mobile Ad hoc Networks", Proc.
In recent years, such techniques have been exploited for multipath routing
, especially when sensor nodes collect visual and audio data from the monitor field.
schemes with load balancing can be classified into traditional IP-based and multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) based.
 Xuefei Li and Laurie Cuthbert, "Stable node-disjoint multipath routing
with low overhead in mobile ad hoc network," in Proc.
Baolin, "Fuzzy Controllers Based Multipath Routing
Algorithm in MANET", Physics Procedia, Volume 24, Part B:, 2012, pp.
Wu, "Analysis of a Hypercube-Based Social Feature Multipath Routing
in Delay Tolerant Networks," IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol.
The development of multipath routing
such as "Multipath-TCP" or "SCTP" supports the higher potential to the routing mechanism.
protocols are discussed in Section 4.
(1) Guaranteeing the safe transmission of data to the sink no matter whether an attack exists in the network: the early researches did not detect the existence of attacks (such as black, DOS, and SFA attack) and, instead, adopted a multipath routing
method to reliably guarantee the data can reach the sink [21, 23].