And in the course of the trainings, they were taught how to conserve the soil by showing contour farming with various types of hedgerows used and mix of cash crops and perennials grown in between, organic soil fertility management practice and other good agricultural practices like multiple cropping
, crop rotation, crop diversification, integrated farming to reflect agro-biodiversity.
As an assisted natural regeneration strategy, the muyong system uses agroforestry and multiple cropping
, enrichment planting and protection to enhance diversity, efficient silvicultural systems characterized by thinning, cleaning, pruning and salvage cutting of trees to enhance the growth and development of natural stands.
Both agencies are aware of the opportunities of multiple cropping
but are conflicted by their narrow, specific crop mandates.
Furthermore, linear programming model might have reviewed multiple cropping
problems and thereafter optimized input use in context of constraints.
Biological efficiencies in multiple cropping
The NARC has also introduced multiple cropping
and tunnel farming, transforming the farms into multi-crop, agri-economic model farms.
The area of cropland is decreasing, that is why there is no option of horizontal expansion but intensifying land use system through multiple cropping
or by growing more and more crops on the same piece of land in a calendar year.
Crop production in general is attributed to the factors: the size of the area to be cultivated should be extensive; the potential yield of the crop must be increased through breeding, and the last is multiple cropping
Cultivable area under double or multiple cropping
is inadequate in Pakistan.
Pakistan needs to adopt modern farming techniques like drip irrigation system and focus should be multiple cropping
pattern and short term high value crops to produce safe livelihood for small farmers and agriculture workers.
based on seasonal calendars also helps maximize productivity and enrich the soil.