We first showed that these would be determined by single scattering events--as opposed to multiple scattering
which is smoother.
Control experiments with 76 nm AuNP with appreciable scattering cross section demonstrated that divergence of optical rays, for example, by multiple scattering
or diffraction, convolved with internal reflection could increase observed extinction per AuNP relative to Mie-calculated values .
(4.) Foldy, LL, "The Multiple Scattering
of Waves." Phys.
On the numerical approximation of high-frequency acoustic multiple scattering
problems by circular cylinders.
This paper presents a creative method of calculating multiple scattering
by an arbitrary configuration and diameter of tubular piles as discontinuous screen-scatters.
Kohkanovsky, "Multiple scattering
in a dense aerosol atmosphere," Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, vol.
Multiple objects are detectable unless the multiple scattering
According to the first-order multiple scattering
approximation theory, the average or coherent field and the coherent intensity can be obtained by 
Cooper, "Effect of multiple scattering
on experimental Compton profiles: a Monte Carlo calculation," Philosophical Magazine, vol.
Keywords Light scattering, Dependent scattering, Rutile titanium dioxide pigments, Multiple scattering
Among the topics are the numerical simulation of multiple scattering
by hidden cracks under the incidence of elastic waves, the mechanics of randomly folded thin materials, the effect of mixed mode loading induced by asymmetric stress on crack initiation from corrosion pits, the short-crack propagation model applied to shot peened aluminum alloys, verifying the ultrasonic qualification for structural integrity of partially concrete embedded steel elements, and residual strength and fracture path for drilled epoxy-glass composites.
One limitation of using this technique is known as multiple scattering
. Multiple scattering
occurs when the light is scattered by multiple drops before reaching the detector, and therefore, introduces errors in computing the droplet size distribution.