trauma

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trauma

1. Psychol a powerful shock that may have long-lasting effects
2. Pathol any bodily injury or wound

Trauma

 

an externally caused injury to the human or animal organism. Depending on its cause, a trauma may be classified as mechanical, chemical, or thermal (as in burns or frostbite), as a barotrauma (caused by abrupt changes in atmospheric pressure), as an electrotrauma, or as a combination of types of traumas—for example, a mechanical trauma combined with a burn. Depending on the duration of the traumatic event, a trauma may be either acute or chronic. Traumas may also be classified according to the circumstances in which they occur—for example, nonoccupational injuries, industrial accidents, or injuries resulting from athletic activity or military combat.

A mechanical trauma may be an open wound, or it may be a closed injury, with the skin remaining intact; it may be uncomplicated, or it may develop such complications as suppuration, osteomyelitis, sepsis, or traumatic toxicosis; it may be isolated (that is, limited to one organ or part of an extremity) or extensive (with injury to several organs or parts); or it may involve a combination of simultaneous injuries to the internal organs and the muscu-loskeletal system. Specific types of traumas are contusions, sprains, dislocations, fractures, compression of tissues and internal organs, concussions, and ruptures. They may be accompanied by hemorrhage, edema, inflammation, or necrosis (gangrene) of the tissues. Severe and extensive traumas are accompanied by shock and may be fatal. A special type is psychic trauma—a term denoting an emotional shock, and particularly one due to traumatic verbal activity. Psychic traumas may lead to morbid reactions in the psychic and autonomic systems, such as depression and neurosis.

Timely first aid and treatment may prevent severe posttraumatic complications. The various types of traumas are treated by appropriate medical specialists.

REFERENCES

See references under and .

V. F. POZHARISKII

trauma

[′trau̇·mə]
(medicine)
An injury caused by a mechanical or physical agent.
(psychology)
A severe psychic injury.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a study on the effect of heart defects in multiple trauma cases and their relationship to trauma severity, Karakus reported a positive, weak and significant correlation between total duration of stay in hospital and ISS and a negative, weak and significant correlation between total duration of stay in hospital and GCS.16 In their study,Orhon et al.
The participants were 195 adult patients with multiple trauma who had fallen from heights or had motor vehicle or pedestrian accidents and had been directly admitted to our ED from their accident scene between May 1, 2015, and May 31, 2016.
In this study, patients with multiple trauma and associated blunt thoracic injuries had a mortality rate of 50%.
Marzi, "Pathophysiology of multiple trauma: intensive care medicine and timing of treatment," Chirurg, vol.
The service said the man has suffered "multiple trauma injuries".
In addition, surgeons may need to evaluate the existence of preoperative SEH by MRI in multiple trauma cases, even if patients do not have neurologic symptoms.
85.7% of patients with AKI had multiple trauma and 14.3% had single trauma.The incidence of AKI during the entire course of ICU admission in all patients was 23.6%.
Paul McMahon, MD, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, and a team of international researchers analyzed blood levels of GFAP-BDP from patients ages 16 to 93 years treated at multiple trauma centers for suspected TBI.
Oblu" Emergency Clinical Hospital Iasi, with bilateral paresthesias of lower limbs and urinary incontinence after multiple trauma caused by a free fall from 3 meters height, 48 hours ago.
It covers general concepts in wound healing, physical and chemical injuries, surgical infections, soft tissue and bone injuries, fractures, phlebothrombosis and embolism, complications of fracture healing and treatment, and joint injuries, and specific cranial, spinal, thoracic, pelvic, abdominal, and lower and upper extremity injuries, as well as multiple trauma and first aid.
Tokyo, July 22, 2013 - (ACN Newswire) - Severe damage to the large vessels from multiple trauma or accidental complications in surgery can cause exsanguinating hemorrhage leading to death.
Five patients -- all Bangladeshis -- were received at Al Noor Hospital and four of them sustained multiple trauma in the upper and lower limbs including hand, arm and foot fractures, superficial lacerated wounds and trunk injury.

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