mung bean


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mung bean

an E Asian bean plant, Phaseolus aureus, grown for forage and as the source of bean sprouts used in oriental cookery
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mung Bean

 

(Phaseolus aureus), a species of annual herbaceous plants of the Phaseolus genus of the Leguminosae (pea) family. It originated from the wild species P. sublobatus. There are three subspecies—ssp. indicus, ssp. chinensis, and ssp. Iranicus.

The mung bean is 25-100 cm tall and very hairy, with a ramose stem that is erect, decumbent, or procumbent, and a taproot. The leaves are alternate, trifoliolate, and green. The flowers are golden yellow, growing in short racemes. The pods (beans) are narrow and cylindrical; they may be straight or curved, are 8-15 cm long, and contain seven to ten seeds. The ripe pods are nearly black. The seeds are rounded and cylindrical or barrel-shaped and may be green, yellow, or brown; 1,000 seeds weigh 25-80 g. The growing period for early ripening varieties in the USSR (such as Pobeda 104) is 80-100 days. The plants are heat- and moisture-loving. The seeds contain 24-28 percent protein, 46-50 percent starch, 2-4 percent oil, and vitamins. Mung beans are used as food in the form of groats, and the green beans and blanched sprouts are used as vegetables. The foliage is dried, ensiled, and plowed under as green manure; the straw and chaff are fed to livestock.

The mung bean is native to Southwest Asia, where it was first cultivated 5,000-6,000 years ago. Currently it is grown in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Burma, China, Vietnam, Japan, and elsewhere. In the USSR it is grown in Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasia, and southern Kazakhstan (in small fields), using irrigation; it is planted in the spring or after the harvest. The seed yield of the mung bean is 10-16 centners per hectare; the foliage yield, up to 200 centners per hectare.

N. R. IVANOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Mung bean seeds were inoculated with five different strains of E.
Percentage value of moisture, fat, ash and protein of mung bean investigated in the present study appear to be closer to the contents examined by Habibullah et al.
The protein solubility of DFMPI was significantly different (p < 0.05) from that of UFMPI and raw mung bean protein isolate (RMPI).The RMPI, UFMPI and DFMPI showed decreasing in solubility at pH 4, confirming the isoelectric of mung bean protein.
Keeping these facts in view, the present study was undertaken in order to construct selection indices for efficient selection in mung bean breeding programme.
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Particularly in mung bean, legume production is severely affected under salt stress condition due to increased necrosis and chlorosis as well as reduction in photosynthetic pigments in leaves.
Sample dish: Sweet potato and mung bean nut roast with beetroot, carrots, beans, broccoli, 'pulled pork',' roast potatoes and homemade tomato gravy sauce.
Next was a beautifully arranged plate of octopus (that was cooked in beef fat for more flavor...) with slivers of citrus, coconut, and a puree of mung bean and plantain that was an interplay of smoky, citrus, floral, and earthly flavors amusing one's palette, as this course was consumable in three spoonfuls.
Species treated here include tomato, pepper, sunflower, orchids, sesame, banana, mung bean, wheat, and avocado.