muramic acid


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Related to muramic acid: gluconic acid, N-Acetylneuraminic acid

muramic acid

[myu̇′ram·ik ′as·əd]
(biochemistry)
An organic acid found in the mucopeptide (murein) in the cell walls of bacteria and blue-green algae.
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Amelung, "Gas chromatograph1c determination of muramic acid, glucosamine, mannosamine, and galactosamine in soils," Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol.
For both bed and family room dust, these microbial biomarkers included ergosterol level (nanograms per milligram of dust), [beta]-D-glucan (nanograms per milligram of dust), midchain (C10:0, C12:0, C14:0) 3-OHFAs (picomoles per milligram of dust), endotoxin (endotoxin units per milligram of dust, by both LAL and rFC), and muramic acid (nanograms per milligram of dust).
The relative abundance of fungal and bacterial biomass was evaluated from the glucosamine and muramic acid contents (Chantigny et al.
The parameters checked as indicated above were:-cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA reductase, digoxin and bile acids.
The second session for defending the standard suggested by Iran was held in Safety and Environment Workgroup; the proposed standard was entitled "Measurement of Muramic Acid for the Determination of the Antibacterial Activity of Nanosilver".
The following estimations were carried out:--Cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA redutase, digoxin and bile acids [11,12,13,14].
The parameters checked as indicated above were:--cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA redutase, digoxin and bile acids.
The following estimations were carried out:--Cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, dopamine, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA reductase, digoxin and bile acids [10, 11, 12, 13].
The following estimations were carried out:-Cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA redutase, digoxin and bile acids [11,12,13,14].
The following estimations were carried out:-Cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, muramic acid, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, dopamine, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA reductase, digoxin and bile acids [10,11,12,13].