The lower trapezius musculocutaneous
flap from pedicled to free flap: anatomical basis and clinical applications based on the dorsal scapular artery.
Fascial, fasciocutaneous, or musculocutaneous
flap can be raised in the subfascial or suprafascial plane.
A systematic review of complication and recurrence rates of musculocutaneous
, fasciocutaneous, and perforator-based flaps for treatment of pressure sores.
Indications for vascularized free rectus abdominis musculocutaneous
flap in oromandibular region in terms of efficiency of anterior rectus sheath.
Muscle only was used in 2, while 20 musculocutaneous
flaps were elevated.
Use of a serratus anterior musculocutaneous
flap for surgical obliteration of a bronchopleural fistula.
A microvascular latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous
flap was anastomosed to the tibia artery (end-to-side) and concomitant vein and wrapped around the prosthesis to avoid dead space and allow tension-free closure.
Chua, "Neurolysis of the musculocutaneous
nerve with alcohol to treat poststroke elbow flexor spasticity," Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.
Furthermore, the shoulder joint and adjacent soft tissues receive minor contributions from the subscapular nerve (C5-C6; originates from posterior cord of brachial plexus), lateral pectoral nerve (C5-C6; originates from lateral cord of brachial plexus), and musculocutaneous
nerve (C5-C7; originates from lateral cord of brachial plexus) .
When the recipient nerve was the musculocutaneous
nerve and the radial nerve, the efficiency rate for muscle strength recovery was 0.74 (95% CI: 0.65-0.82) and 0.50 (95% CI: 0.31-0.70), respectively.
Blockage obtained with single injection can cause insufficient anaesthesia in forearm surgeries, because the musculocutaneous
nerve leaves brachial plexus proximally and is thus insufficiently blocked.
Blood for the ALT free flap is supplied by either septocutaneous vessels or musculocutaneous
perforators, descending from the lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA).