mushroom poisoning

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mushroom poisoning,

fungal poisoning caused by ingestion of certain mushrooms (fungal organisms), most commonly Amanita phalloides and Amanita muscaria and related species. Symptoms, caused by toxic peptides, may include severe abdominal pain, vomiting, cold sweat, diarrhea, and excessive thirst; they appear 8 to 12 hours after ingestion. Damage occurs largely in the liver and kidneys. Some mushrooms contain substances that produce hallucinatory states, e.g., Psilocybe mexicana (see hallucinogenic drughallucinogenic drug
, any of a group of substances that alter consciousness; also called psychotomimetic (i.e., mimicking psychosis), mind-expanding, or psychedelic drug.
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; ergotergot
, disease of rye and other cereals caused by the fungus Claviceps purpurea. The cottony, matlike body, or mycelium, of the fungus develops in the ovaries of the host plant; it eventually turns into a hard pink or purple body, the sclerotium, or ergot, that resembles
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). Occasional outbreaks of poisoning from eating canned mushrooms are not caused by poisonous mushrooms but by botulismbotulism
, acute poisoning resulting from ingestion of food containing toxins produced by the bacillus Clostridium botulinum. The bacterium can grow only in an anaerobic atmosphere, such as that found in canned foods.
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 resulting from improper canning methods.
References in periodicals archive ?
The patients of mushroom poisoning who had expired, had significantly higher prothrombin time (mostly above 50 seconds), whereas in those patients who survived their average prothrombin time was 15.
Mushroom Poisoning in the Northeast of Iran; a Retrospective 6-Year Epidemiologic Study.
Antidotal therapies might also be considered in conjunction with a consultant experienced in hepatotoxic mushroom poisoning.
Orthotopic liver transplantation has been used in both adult and in pediatric mushroom poisonings with success.
Meanwhile, a total of 12 men and women were treated in hospitals in Tokyo and Ibaraki Prefecture on Thursday after complaining of symptoms of mushroom poisoning.
There is also an appendix that contains 2 referenced drug interaction tables, an herbal diuretic table, a mushroom poisoning decision chart, a listing of US poison control centers, and addresses, Web sites, and phone numbers of scientific and trade organizations from which to obtain further information.
Now the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have reported nine cases of mushroom poisoning in Northern California earlier this year, two of which resulted in death.
Special sections deal with plant-caused rashes and mushroom poisoning.
However, we excluded those patients in whom organophosphorus poisoning was doubtful and patients who were intoxicated with organophosphorus mimickers, for example nicotine poisoning, opioid poisoning, mushroom poisoning, gastroenteritis or patients who were diagnosed or suspected of having CNS disease such as parkinsonism and myasthenia.