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see small armssmall arms,
firearms designed primarily to be carried and fired by one person and, generally, held in the hands, as distinguished from heavy arms, or artillery. Early Small Arms

The first small arms came into general use at the end of the 14th cent.
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a hand firearm with a matchlock.

The musket first appeared in the early 16th century in Spain and then in Germany, France, and Russia. It had a caliber of about 20 mm and weighed from 8 to 10 kg. Because of a powerful recoil, muskets were at first supplied only to select soldiers—the musketeers—who wore a leather pad on their shoulder when firing. Monopods (rests) were introduced to make firing muskets more comfortable. In the late 17th century muskets were replaced by flintlock rifles, at first in France and then in other countries. In Russia the term “musket” denoted flintlock rifles until the early 19th century.

References in periodicals archive ?
He became commandant at the School of Musketry in Hythe and was instrumental in training British troops to perfect the "Mad Minute" of 15 aimed rounds in one minute.
At the end of August the battalion moved to La Panne for operations in the dunes, training, musketry competitions and football.
The only exception to this was rifle practice, or "musketry," where "they have given us plenty of time to acquire the art to perfection."
This in 1877, about a decade after formal musketry and competitive rifle programs had been formed in other countries.
"The author was stationed first at Whittington Heath, near to Lichfield, next at a musketry camp at Newcastle-under-Lyme, then at Rugeley and Brocton Camps on Cannock Chase.
Derek Alexander, of the National Trust for Scotland, said: "The skull graphically demonstrates the horrific wounds that would have been suffered by both the Jacobite and Government armies as a result of close quarter musketry."
It put me in mind of firing at the "running man" on a peace-time course of musketry.
There was just the cannon fire and musketry fire with one of the just-right conditions and glimpses that give you that moment of, 'Wow!
Sam's father had written to the War Minister Lloyd George that his son was under the age for active service and he was sent back to England for several months, travelling to a site near a colliery in Cramlington in Northumberland for a musketry course.
Thousands of visitors flocked to the waterfront to watch displays of sword fighting, musketry and cannon fire, shanties and storytelling in the return of the popular festival.
"We heard incessantly the meas-ured boom of artillery, accompanied by the incessant rattling echoes of musketry. The whole of the British infantry not actually engaged were formed into squares.
The methods used for execution were hanging and musketry. Captain William Marony, the first provost marshal, deserted in order to avoid executing a prisoner; and another, Captain William Hutton, was court-martialed for allowing a condemned man to escape.