antagonism

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Related to mutual resistance: mutual inductance, mutual impedance, Mutual capacitance

antagonism

1. Physiol the normal opposition between certain muscles
2. Biology the inhibition or interference of growth of one kind of organism by another
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Antagonism

 

a form of contradiction characterized by acute, irreconcilable struggle of hostile forces or tendencies. The term “antagonism” in reference to the struggle of opposing forces is used in religious systems (struggle of good and evil) by Kant, Schopenhauer, and other philosophers. The term is applied to biology and mathematics (game theory) in the same sense. Marxism, analyzing the antagonism between classes in slave-owning, feudal, and capitalist societies and in the transitional period from capitalism to socialism, has shown that antagonisms are resolved by means of the class struggle, whose forms and content are determined by the concrete, historical conditions of their development. K. Marx noted that bourgeois relations of production are the “last antagonistic form of the social process of production . . .” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch. 2nd ed. vol. 13, p.7). V. I. Lenin emphasized that “antagonism and contradiction are not one and the same thing. The former will disappear, but the latter will remain under socialism.” (Leninskii sbornik, XI, 1929, p. 357.)

L. M. NAUMOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

antagonism

[an′tag·ə‚niz·əm]
(biology)
Mutual opposition as seen between organisms, muscles, physiologic actions, and drugs.
Opposing action between drugs and disease or drugs and functions.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The here proposed solution to this handicap is to displace 0.2 m the passive segment when calculating mutual resistance, which is 10% of rod length, away from rod axis where the bottom axis images lie.
For negative voltage reflection coefficient the mutual resistance between upper layer and bottom layer segments are sometimes negative, and thus their physical meaning is not related with the concept of resistance.
The values obtained for GD own and mutual resistances have a slight difference from the similar values obtained for the respective pairs of GD in the absence of a third grounding (Table 4).
5) mutual resistance [R.sub.12], [R.sub.13], [R.sub.23].
The obtained approximate values of the own resistances of grounding electrodes make it possible to estimate the approximate values of the mutual resistances between the grounding electrodes within each pair.
Due to the fact that changes in the EN occur in the frequency characteristics of the input and mutual resistances caused by changes in the resistance of the mains power, the capacities and modes of the connected loads, and possible switchings in the circuit, it is necessary to take into account these factors and determine possible ranges of changes in the resonance frequencies.

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