antagonism

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Related to mutual resistance: mutual inductance, mutual impedance, Mutual capacitance

antagonism

1. Physiol the normal opposition between certain muscles
2. Biology the inhibition or interference of growth of one kind of organism by another

Antagonism

 

a form of contradiction characterized by acute, irreconcilable struggle of hostile forces or tendencies. The term “antagonism” in reference to the struggle of opposing forces is used in religious systems (struggle of good and evil) by Kant, Schopenhauer, and other philosophers. The term is applied to biology and mathematics (game theory) in the same sense. Marxism, analyzing the antagonism between classes in slave-owning, feudal, and capitalist societies and in the transitional period from capitalism to socialism, has shown that antagonisms are resolved by means of the class struggle, whose forms and content are determined by the concrete, historical conditions of their development. K. Marx noted that bourgeois relations of production are the “last antagonistic form of the social process of production . . .” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch. 2nd ed. vol. 13, p.7). V. I. Lenin emphasized that “antagonism and contradiction are not one and the same thing. The former will disappear, but the latter will remain under socialism.” (Leninskii sbornik, XI, 1929, p. 357.)

L. M. NAUMOV

antagonism

[an′tag·ə‚niz·əm]
(biology)
Mutual opposition as seen between organisms, muscles, physiologic actions, and drugs.
Opposing action between drugs and disease or drugs and functions.
References in periodicals archive ?
The values obtained for GD own and mutual resistances have a slight difference from the similar values obtained for the respective pairs of GD in the absence of a third grounding (Table 4).
s] (as if there is no effect of <<neighbors>>) and the effect of the mutual resistance [R.
Due to the fact that changes in the EN occur in the frequency characteristics of the input and mutual resistances caused by changes in the resistance of the mains power, the capacities and modes of the connected loads, and possible switchings in the circuit, it is necessary to take into account these factors and determine possible ranges of changes in the resonance frequencies.

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