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Related to Myasthenia: Ocular myasthenia


Muscular weakness.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(asthenic bulbar paralysis, asthenic ophthalmoplegia, pseudobulbar paralysis, Erb-Goldflam disease), a neuromuscular disease characterized by the pathological, rapid fatigability of striated muscles.

The onset of myasthenia usually occurs between the ages of 20 and 40 years; women are more frequently affected, Autoimmune processes play a part in the development of the disease; antibodies have been discovered in muscle tissue and in the thymus gland. The muscles of the eyelids are often affected and there is ptosis, which varies in degree during the day; the masticatory muscles are affected, swallowing is disrupted, and the gait changes. Treatment includes anticholinesterase preparations, vitamins (especially B-group), general restorative treatment, and sometimes the removal of the thymus gland.


Lobzin, V. S. Miasteniia. Leningrad, 1960.
Shefer, D. G. Gipotalamicheskie (dientsefal’nye) sindromy, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The checkpoint blockade therapy was never resumed due to the myositis and myasthenia. For hepatic metastases, the patient underwent a CT-guided liver tumor microwave ablation of the largest lesion and will undergo a chemo or chemo-immuno embolization of remaining lesions.
Concurrence of myasthenia gravis, thymoma, and thyroid carcinoma Arch Neurol 1983;40:122-124.
Serological and experimental studies in different forms of myasthenia gravis.
class="MsoNormalSince I started, I have connected with 18 individuals and we are working together to register a Myasthenia Gravis Society in Kenya.
The diagnosis was double-seronegative ocular myasthenia gravis.
Myasthenia gravis impairs communication between nerve and muscle and can cause extreme muscle weakness.
MG can be classified by change of function and is often referred to as ocular, bulbar or generalised myasthenia. In MG, the main muscles affected are skeletal, (3) in particular the voluntary muscles innervated by motor nuclei of the brainstem.
Only 10%15% of myasthenia patients are in the childhood group.
It may occur in known myasthenia gravis patients, generally during the first year after diagnosis or as the presentation itself.
Coun Ranson chose to help Myaware, as her husband Trevor, who was also her consort, for the year was diagnosed with myasthenia gravis five years ago.
Keywords: Myasthenia gravis, internuclear ophthalmoplegia, medial longitudinal fasiculus