mycelium

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mycelium

the vegetative body of fungi: a mass of branching filaments (hyphae) that spread throughout the nutrient substratum

Mycelium

 

the vegetative body of a fungus; it consists of fine (1.5–10 microns in diameter), branched filaments (hyphae). It develops within a substrate or, less frequently, on its surface. The mycelium may be noncellular (Phycomycetes) or multicellular (Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes, and Fungi Imperfecti). The mycelium cells of Phycomycetes, Ascomycetes, and Fungi Imperfecti are always haploid. In Basidiomycetes the primary mycelium that develops from spores is haploid; further in its development it becomes diploid owing to its merging with the mycelium of the other sex (heterothallism) or the convergence of the nuclei in the anastomosing cells (homothallism). Vegetative reproduction of fungi is accomplished by fragments of the mycelium.

mycelium

[mī′sē·lē·əm]
(biology)
A mass of filaments, or hyphae, composing the vegetative body of many fungi and some bacteria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Production of polysaccharides by submerged mycelial culture of entomopathogenic fungus Cordyceps takaomontana and their apoptotic effects on human neuroblastoma cells.
The diameter of the mycelial growth was measured using a digital caliper on two orthogonal axes (mean of two diametrically opposite measures).
Trichoderma species are important biocontrol agents against several plant pathogens and their diseases via direct action (mycelial coiling), e.g.
rofsii due to the plant pathogenic fungi's rapid mycelial growth that covered the bird's nest fungi colony.
There was significant interaction between culture media and isolates for indexes of mycelial growth rate (IMGR) (Figure 1).
By optimizing the second-order polynomial equation (3) based on the desirability criterion of maximum percentage of mycelial inhibition, the suitable combinations of independent variables could be achieved.
Inhibitory Effect of Corona Discharge Air Plasma on the Mycelial Growth of the Postharvest Pathogens.
Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare fungicides inhibition percentages (radial mycelial growth and sporulation) using statistical Genstart version 6 software at 95% confidence level.
However, the mycelial growth was significantly inhibited by CPT at different concentrations.
In this context, BARRERA-NECHA et al (2008) verified that eucalyptus oil could not inhibit the mycelial growth of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in various concentrations.