mycelium


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mycelium

the vegetative body of fungi: a mass of branching filaments (hyphae) that spread throughout the nutrient substratum

Mycelium

 

the vegetative body of a fungus; it consists of fine (1.5–10 microns in diameter), branched filaments (hyphae). It develops within a substrate or, less frequently, on its surface. The mycelium may be noncellular (Phycomycetes) or multicellular (Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes, and Fungi Imperfecti). The mycelium cells of Phycomycetes, Ascomycetes, and Fungi Imperfecti are always haploid. In Basidiomycetes the primary mycelium that develops from spores is haploid; further in its development it becomes diploid owing to its merging with the mycelium of the other sex (heterothallism) or the convergence of the nuclei in the anastomosing cells (homothallism). Vegetative reproduction of fungi is accomplished by fragments of the mycelium.

mycelium

[mī′sē·lē·əm]
(biology)
A mass of filaments, or hyphae, composing the vegetative body of many fungi and some bacteria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reciprocal observations were made in case of N7 strain where the highest mycelium colony diameter was observed from the culture media containing glucose (3.
Beta-D-glucans are a polysaccharide structural component of the cell walls of mushrooms, mycelium, yeast, certain bacteria, and cereal grains.
Result from this study indicated that treatment of CPT at 100 ug/mL was able to result in a significant change in physiological properties such as the reducing sugar content, soluble protein content, chitinase activity and N-acetyl glucosamine content in mycelium of R.
In addition to using mushroom mycelium, Shahab Shahmir says he will also incorporate cornhusks and corn stalks in his all-natural packing material.
The middle-aged biofilm showed the highest percentage (80%) of colonization; however, most mycelium that emerged from these particles belonged to the species Curvularia lunata (Wakker) Boedijn, Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl.
Ectomycorrhizae are a type of mycorrhizae that procedure a dense sheath around the physical structure of plant roots, from which the hyphae grow; in endomycorrhizae, mycelium is entrenched within the root tissue, not forming a sheath around the root system.
Nammex organic Cordyceps militaris mushrooms guarantee a higher level of active ingredients than common Cordyceps mycelium grown on cereal grains, according to the company.
In this way, mycelium discs with a diameter of 5 mm were collected from the colony edges on PDA medium at 25[degrees] C in the dark, with four days, they were transferred to the center of Petri dishes containing CA medium and incubated in the dark, with temperatures of 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35[degrees]C for five days.
Then fungistatic effect will occur constructing defensive hyphal barriers at the mycelial fronts to limit the advance of mycelium wherein the opposing mycelia will eventually stop growing even after contact between the two mycelia has been established [19].
Mushroom Materials are made from agricultural waste such as com stalks, seed husks (or whatever is readily available in the local area), and mushroom mycelium which can best be described as mushroom "roots.
The mycelium was recovered from the culture by filtration using Whatman No 1 paper, washed with distilled water, and afterwards placed in an oven at 80[degrees]C for 24 h to get a constant weight.