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Any of the mold-produced substances that may be injurious to vertebrates upon ingestion, inhalation, or skin contact. The diseases they cause, known as mycotoxicoses, need not involve the toxin-producing fungus. Diagnostic features characterizing mycotoxicoses are the following: the disease is not transmissible; drug and antibiotic treatments have little or no effect; in field outbreaks the disease is often seasonal; the outbreak is usually associated with a specific foodstuff; and examination of the suspected food or foodstuff reveals signs of fungal activity.

The earliest recognized mycotoxicoses were human diseases. Ergotism, or St. Anthony's fire, results from eating rye infected with Claviceps purpurea. Yellow rice disease, a complex of human toxicoses, is caused by several Penicillium islandicum mycotoxins. World attention was directed toward the mycotoxin problem with the discovery of the aflatoxins in England in 1961. The aflatoxins, a family of mycotoxins produced by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus, can induce both acute and chronic toxicological effects in vertebrates. Aflatoxin B1, the most potent of the group, is toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic, and teratogenic. Major agricultural commodities that are often contaminated by aflatoxins include corn, peanuts, rice, cottonseed, and various tree nuts. See Aflatoxin, Ergot and ergotism

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


A toxin produced by a fungus.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nehls, "Quantification of the Alternaria mycotoxin tenuazonic acid in beer," Food Chemistry, vol.
BAU, in collaboration with the Italian CNR Institute of Food Production Sciences, carried out the study in response to a request by WHO to monitor and reduce mycotoxin contamination in global markets.
Usually these fungi are capable of producing mycotoxins which are stable compounds.
Instrumental conditions: Instrumental conditions were set according to the Agilent Mass Spectrometry (MS) Technology Products Solutions solution package (mycotoxin, 1290-6470 Parameters, Agilent Technologies, USA).
Pre-, peri- and post-harvest conditions and agricultural practices play critical roles in modulating the risk of mycotoxigenic fungal colonization and growth, as well as mycotoxin contamination[49, 50].
Management of mycotoxin contamination in preharvest and post harvest crops: present status and future prospects.
Mycotoxin binders, Immunity, Feed consumption, Weight gain, Broilers.
To better understand how the OAT and mycotoxin test overlap, we ran a study of 100 healthy patients and 150 mycotoxin-exposed patients.
The presence of mycotoxins in feed grains or ingredients makes them unfit for animal (or human) consumption and can cause serious health risk.
OTA is a naturally occurring food borne mycotoxin found in a wide variety of agricultural commodities throughout the globe, ranging from cereal grains, dried fruits to wine and coffee.
Carrollton, TX, June 22, 2017 --( The senior member of RealTime Laboratories talks about the dangers mycotoxins pose.
In Afghanistan, wheat is a suspect food for mycotoxin contamination because it dominates the national diet, with per capita consumption topping 500 g per day.