myelin

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Related to myelination: demyelination

myelin

, myeline
a white tissue forming an insulating sheath (myelin sheath) around certain nerve fibres. Damage to the myelin sheath causes neurological disease, as in multiple sclerosis

myelin

[′mī·ə·lən]
(neuroscience)
A soft, white fatty substance that forms a sheath around certain nerve fibers.
References in periodicals archive ?
Myelination assessment and quantification To calculate the percentage of axonal myelination, a semi-automated computer platform, termed computer-assisted evaluation of myelin formation (CEM) (Kemian et al.
Relationship of iron to oligodendrocytes and myelination.
The typical imaging appearance of PMD is nearly complete lack of myelination with tigroid appearance due to sparing of perivascular white matter.
The influences of PLD4-deficient microglia on various cell types and myelination were examined in the developing cerebellum and corpus callosum.
19) A stimulatory effect of progesterone on myelination was observed in cerebellar slices.
Not enough myelination affects brain signals and could affect Olly's speech and walking.
ABSTRACT The systemic biopsychological perspective of basic emotions is a heuristic model that allows a better understanding of how people learn to adapt to their environment through different emotions that developed gradually along neurohormonal circuit myelination from birth until about the age of twenty-one.
TMS and its parameters, progressive myelination (M), cortical infolding (C), involution of germinal matrix tissue (G), and glial cell migration bands (B), were employed to assess brain maturation and compare difference between HIE and control groups.
The study shows it is possible to boost myelination by targeting human oligodendrocyte progenitor cells with solifenacin, an anti-muscarinic drug that currently is approved and marketed to treat overactive bladder.
Rodent models demonstrate that iron deficiency during gestation/lactation changes myelination neurotransmitters neurometabolism and gene/ protein profiles before and after iron repletion at delectation.
As the nerves exit the brain and spinal cord, there is a change between myelination by oligodendrocytes to myelination by Schwann cells.
Myelination defects due to vitamin B12 deficiency can have significant effects on central nervous system functioning by altering the speed of conduction in multiple systems.