myrmecophyte


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myrmecophyte

[mər′mek·ə‚fīt]
(ecology)
A plant that houses and benefits from the habitation of ants.
References in periodicals archive ?
Seeds of myrmecophytes disperse separately from ant associates, and ants colonize host plants only after sapling establishment.
Since the myrmecophytes, in particular domatia-bearing plants, are very common in the Neotropics (Davidson and Mackey 1993) and the Amazon has been registered date of ants inhabiting plants (Fonseca and Ganade 1996), it is possible that an obligate relationship exists between Myrcidris and Myrcia, as that among some species of Pseudomyrmex and species of plants of the genera Acacia, Triplaris and Tachigali (Ward 1993, 1999).
Such analysis reveals that this interaction is predominant in the tropics, but particularly in the neotropics; that it is represented in a wide variety of plant lineages and that myrmecophytes are predominantly, though not exclusively, species of rapid growth rates, associated to habitats of high light availability.
Heath forests are characterized by uniform, fairly small statured trees (average up to 20-25 meters), an open canopy, large numbers of myrmecophytes, and usually occur on very poor, leached sandy soils.
contains exceptionally large number of species with reference to plant and animal diversity as a whole." The large number of species is to be expected as Pheidole is the dominant taxon of New World ant ground ant assemblages (Fowler 1994), but some species are also arboreal and others have symbiotic relationships with myrmecophytes, Indeed, Pheidole is now the most species-diverse group of New World organisms after beetles (Chrysomelidae and Curculionidae).
Extrafloral nectaries in the genus Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) in Malaysia: comparative studies of their possible significance as predispositions for myrmecophytes. Biol.