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Related to myrtle: crape myrtle, Myrtle Beach


common name for the Myrtaceae, a family of shrubs and trees almost entirely of tropical regions, especially in America and Australia. The family is characterized by leaves (usually evergreen) containing aromatic volatile oils. Many have showy blossoms. Although of lesser importance in the United States, the family is of considerable economic value throughout the world for timber, gums and resins, oils, spices, and edible fruits.

The true myrtle genus (Myrtus) is predominantly of the American tropics, but the classical myrtle (M. communis) is native to the Mediterranean area. It is a strongly scented bush whose glossy leaves and blue-black berries were made into wreaths for victors in the ancient Olympic games. (In America several unrelated plants are also called myrtles, e.g., the sand myrtle of the heathheath,
in botany, common name for some members of the Ericaceae, a family of chiefly evergreen shrubs with berry or capsule fruits. Plants of the heath family form the characteristic vegetation of many regions with acid soils, particularly the moors, swamps, and mountain slopes
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 family, the periwinkles of the dogbanedogbane,
common name for some members of the Apocynaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees found in most parts of the world but especially in the tropics, where they are often climbing forms. Many species are native to or naturalized in North America.
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 family, and several species of the bayberry family.) Among the many trees of the myrtle family yielding edible fruit, only the guavaguava
, small evergreen tree or shrub of the genus Psidium of the family Myrtaceae (myrtle family), native to tropical America and grown elsewhere for its ornamental flowers and edible fruit.
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 (genus Psidium), native to tropical America, is grown commercially in the United States.

The most important spice plants of the family are the cloveclove,
name for a small evergreen tree (Syzygium aromaticum or Eugenia caryophyllata) of the family Myrtaceae (myrtle family) and for its unopened flower bud, an important spice.
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 tree (Syzygium aromaticum or Eugenia caryophyllata), native to the Moluccas and the Spice Islands, and the tropical American Pimenta genus that includes the pimentopimento
or allspice,
common names for a tree (Pimenta dioica or P. officinalis) of the family Myrtaceae (myrtle family) cultivated in the West Indies for its dried unripe berries, used medicinally and as a spice (also called pimento or allspice).
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 or allspice (P. officinalis or dioica) and the bay rum tree (P. racemosa), source of an oil used as an ingredient of bay rumbay rum,
aromatic liquid used chiefly as a cosmetic and a perfume. It originated in the West Indies, where it was prepared by distillation from rum and bay leaves. It is now commonly a mixture of oil of bay (from a bayberry), alcohol, water, oil of pimento, and oil of orange peel.
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. Some hardwood members of the myrtle family are among the many trees known as ironwood, e.g., Eugenia confusa, of Florida and tropical America.

Eucalyptus, a large genus of evergreen shrubs and trees, is a characteristic component of the flora in its native Australia, where its species are the leafy haunt and sole food source of the koala, often associated with it in story. Among its many species' common names are ironbark, stringybark, and gum, ash, and box (names also applied to many unrelated trees). Numerous species, especially the Tasmanian blue gum (E. globulus), are now naturalized in the W United States and have become the distinctive vegetation of many California areas that were previously treeless. Several species are among the tallest trees known, e.g., E. regnans, known as the mountain ash or giant ash, the tallest flowering tree, which reaches a height of over 300 ft (91 m). The generally accepted record for the tallest mountain ash is 375 ft (114.3 m), for a tree that was felled in 1881. Eucalyptus trees are a valuable source of timber, of kinos (a resinous substance used in medicines and tanning), and of eucalyptol and other essential and medicinal oils.

The myrtle family is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Myrtales.

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A small shrubby tree that grows to 15 ft (5m) with simple pointy oval leaves with 5 petal flowers that are usually white. Blue-black berries (sometimes orange-yellow) with usually 3 seeds. Contains pleasant smelling oil used to treat sinus problems, bronchitis, colds, coughs, bad breath, herpes simplex.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz


to Renaissance, its perpetual greenness symbolized everlasting love. [Art: Hall, 219]
See: Love
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. any evergreen shrub or tree of the myrtaceous genus Myrtus, esp M. communis, a S European shrub with pink or white flowers and aromatic blue-black berries
2. short for crape myrtle
3. bog myrtle
4. creeping or trailing myrtle US and Canadian another name for periwinkle (the plant)


an ancient region in the NW corner of Asia Minor
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The writer spent his formative summers far from Myrtle Beach and its environs.
If you have specific questions about Myrtle, email the shelter volunteer at or go to to apply.
Kingston encompasses two market-leading, premium-branded full-service resorts, the 255-room Embassy Suites Myrtle Beach Oceanfront Resort and the 385-room Hilton Myrtle Beach Resort, and over 1,600 residential condominiums and townhomes.
A new food tour option is available in the Myrtle Beach area.
Myrtle's persistence to inform people of the plight placed upon working-class people took the mum-of-two all over the world.
Myrtle, whose husband Gordon was a miner at Easington, worked as a school meals cook.
Save 20% by entering discount code PRDC19 or purchase at the door GTS Theatre - 1220 Port Drive - Myrtle Beach, SC 29577.
Myrtle was one of four members of the PH squad, called Aether Dogz, which competed in the game called PUBG, or PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds in the 'Omen by HP Challenger Series' tournament, held from Nov.
Myrtle was also asked about her advice to upcoming housemates now that the "Pinoy Big Brother (PBB)" house is set to open this month.
Myrtle, on her third year of endorsing Sisters Sanitary Napkins and Pantyliners, has already visited over 30 high schools for the School is Cool advocacy.
Aside from adding a myrtle to her bouquet, Harrold also said there are other traditions that Princess Eugenie has to follow and this includes the color of her wedding dress.