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1. (formerly) a European who made a fortune in the Orient, esp in India
2. another name for a nawab
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(a corruption of nawwab), a pejorative term used in Great Britain and France from the second half of the 18th century for people who became wealthy in the colonies, especially in India. Later, in these countries and elsewhere, “nabob” came to mean any parvenu with an idle, profligate, or extravagant way of life.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The main house stood on a plinth that was probably extended beyond the tomb's original plinth on which were raised walls around the original structure to accommodate the spatial needs of the Nabob's retreat.
The Nabob, indeed, by its title and central character points to anxieties about the north of Ireland's place as a bastion of Empire.
Explaining NABOB's alliances with McCain and Feingold, Winston says, "We are trying to help them shape legislation so that it helps to create additional minority ownership opportunities [and to] come up with the exact language for the legislation so that it achieves the desired result."
Samuel Foote's The Nabob (1772); John O'Keeffe's The Banditti, or Love's Labyrinth, also known as The Castle of Andalusia (1781); Isaac Bickerstaffs The Sultan; or A Peep into the Seraglio (1775); and Inchbald's own I'll Tell You What (1785) also drew characters and themes from the British empire, as did Hannah More's poem The Nabob (1773) and William Beckford's Orientalist romance Vathek (1786).
Raven is most engaging and informative when he devotes his sustained attention to the thorough development of a well-focused topic: the impact of returning Anglo-Indian nabobs, the debate over Mandeville's pronouncements on luxury, Mrs Gomersall's novels about commerce in Leeds, country estate purchases and improvements, etc.
His books include Journal of an Expedition across Venezuela and Columbia (1909), Across South America (1911), In the Wonderland of Peru (1913), The Monroe Doctrine, An Obsolete Shibboleth (1913), Inca Land (1922), Machu Picchu, a Citadel of the Incas (1930), Elihu Yale--The American Nabob of Queen Square (1939), and Lost City of the Incas (1948).
Among his most famous speeches are On American Taxation, On Conciliation with the Colonies, and On the Nabob of Arcot's Private Debts (1785), in which Burke discusses the great prosecution of Warren Hastings and tries to make him the scapegoat for all the abuses connected with the regime of the East India Company.
The National Association of Black Owned Broadcasters Telecommunications Education and Management Foundation (NABOB Foundation), The Emma Bowen Foundation and are pleased to announce their partnership in awarding at least one scholarship (and possibly more) to its membership to attend The NABOB Media Sales Institute at the AUC.
However, despite those and other comments, she hasn't just been a nattering nabob of negativism.
They did it on Sunday afternoon and it seemed like Robert Clive's revenge on Rabindranath Tagore ( the original East India Company nabob, we shouldn't forget, was a no- hoper Scotsman who came to India because he had nothing better to do).
Being rooted in words indisputably gives his small screen work a profundity that just about every other selfappointed cultural nabob lacks, as is evidenced by his other superb radio and TV series about language and writers.