(27) Figure 3 shows the dry surface of a nail plate
before and 24 h after the experiment, which was treated with different formulations.
It is characterized by a paramedian or midline ridge or split and canal formation in nail plate
of one or both the thumb nails.
It is fixation of the distal part of the nail bed to the underside of the distal part of the nail plate
. This can result in over curvature of the nail.
The iontophoresis, a physical method to enhance nail penetration, perhaps decreases the treatment time and enhances the efficacy by increasing drug molecules transport across and into the nail plate
and the consequent higher concentration of drugs.
The clinical characteristics included color change (yellow or gray-black), nail plate
thickening, subungual debris accumulation, and damaged nail plates
The repeated trauma in onychophagia induces melanocytic activation and leads to melanonychia which extends by longitudinal spreading from the nail bed to the distal end of the nail plate
. This longitudinal melanonychia is grayish in color, with regular gray parallel lines on a gray background [3, 6].
Examination revealed brown lines forming a streak in the medial 30% of the nail plate
. No distal splitting of the nail was visible (Fig.
After infection of the nail matrix occurs, transverse depressions (Beau's lines) may appear in the nail plate
, which becomes convex, irregular, and rough and, ultimately, dystrophic (El-Ewski, 1998).
(3) The separation of the nail plate
from nail bed usually does not affect the lateral edges of nails.
These ingredients can be absorbed into your body through your nail plate
, Sergay says.
Over-hydration could cause onycholysis (separation of the nail plate
from the nail bed or lifting of the nail).
A healthy scalp means healthy hair follicles and omega-3's anti-inflammatory effects aid in the healthy development of the nail plate