Names


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Related to Names: Meaning of names

name resolution

Converting a name into the address required by a machine or network. For example, in a TCP/IP network (the worldwide standard), common examples of name resolution are converting a human-readable name assigned to a computer to its IP address in the network or converting a domain name to its IP address on the Internet. Looking up a phone number by turning the pages in a telephone book is a human version of name resolution. See address resolution, resolve, naming service, WINS and DNS.

namespace

A naming system that uses unique names to identify an object. For example, a network requires a different name for each workstation, server and printer. The Internet uses a hierarchical namespace that partitions names into top-level domains, such as .com, and .org, and includes the millions of domain names (ibm.com, microsoft.com, etc.) in these categories. See Internet domain name, global namespace and XML namespace.

naming fiascos

One could write volumes about the thoughtless naming of technical concepts and products in this industry. Not just products, but the shortsighted naming of routines and statements programmers use when writing source code causes massive headaches later when others try to read it. Not to be forgotten is the constant renaming of the same application by marketers who believe new names mean new business. See USB drive names, digital media hub names and never say.

Never Use Ordinary Words
A huge debacle is perpetrated when everyday words are used for specific technologies. "Object" is a very useful English word because it can describe any "object" whatsoever. When object-oriented programming was the hot buzzword years ago, "object" had to be stricken from the English language when writing about software development in order to not imply object technologies.

The same problem occurred with "component" in component software, once again taking a common word and turning it into something specific. Web services is another example, which can refer to any generic offering on the Web or to specific interfaces between applications and Web servers.

A while back, Microsoft used the broad term "automation" to mean functions within applications such as Excel and Word that could be executed. To avoid confusion, one had to be careful not to use the term in a generic way when writing about Microsoft products.

Generic naming has made it extremely difficult for technical writers who care about clarity, but hardware and software vendors are often clueless.

Tongue Twisters
A confusing name conceived by the PCMCIA was the "PC Card," which was a plug-in card and socket for a laptop. However, a PC card could also refer to any of several expansion cards plugged inside a PC. As a result, people would forget the official name and say "P-C-M-C-I-A card" instead, pronouncing all six letters. Thank goodness that technology is history.

The worst name ever was "intranet," which was given to an inhouse website. In a classroom environment, the instructor had to strongly emphasize the "tra" in in-"tra"-net versus the "ter" in In-"ter"-net. Listening was painful. Fortunately, the term "intranet" has all but disappeared.

Famous Names - Who Needs Them?
Marketing hype is often more important than clever marketing. Enamored by the Web frenzy in the mid-1990s, Novell added some Internet functions to NetWare, a brand known the world over, and renamed it "IntranetWare." Not only did the most familiar name in networking disappear, but the word was hard to pronounce. Novell soon switched back to NetWare. Similarly, Borland, a software company widely known throughout the industry, changed its name to Inprise and buried another familiar name. Later on, it reverted back to Borland.


Let's Confuse Everyone
There must have been a contest for the most idiotic names one could think of for the folders in this camera. See user interface.

naming service

Software that converts a name into a physical address on a network. It is similar to someone looking up a phone number in a telephone book by first and last name. Providing "logical" to "physical" conversion, a naming service can be thought of as a White Pages or Yellow Pages directory service. In fact, Sun's naming service, later called Network Information Services (NIS), was originally called Yellow Pages.

Name Resolution
The names can be of users, computers, printers, files or other resources. The transmitting station sends a name to the server containing the naming service software, which sends back the actual address of the user or resource. The process is known as "name resolution."

Domain Name System (DNS)
The most ubiquitous naming service in the world is the DNS system used on the Internet and other TCP/IP networks. DNS returns the numeric IP address for the submitted domain name (see DNS). See WINS, HOSTS file and directory service.

What does it mean when you dream about names?

Forgetting one’s own name, or the names of others, is common in anxiety dreams. Being overburdened in waking life becomes so overwhelming that the dreamer feels unable to identify with his or her true self and can no longer recognize others.

References in classic literature ?
"Then call him many names, but never the same name twice.
Sometimes we tried to guess people's names; but that was a failure; that is a thing which probably requires a good deal of practice.
Sir Leicester is reading with infinite gravity and state when the door opens, and the Mercury in powder makes this strange announcement, "The young man, my Lady, of the name of Guppy."
The second day she began with all the comical names she could hear of, BANDY-LEGS, HUNCHBACK, CROOK-SHANKS, and so on; but the little gentleman still said to every one of them, 'Madam, that is not my name.'
And first comes "Speakings" - reports of ships met and signalled at sea, name, port, where from, where bound for, so many days out, ending frequently with the words "All well." Then come "Wrecks and Casualties" - a longish array of paragraphs, unless the weather has been fair and clear, and friendly to ships all over the world.
Comes old American stock, thirsting across the Great American Desert, mule-backing across the Isthmus, wind-jamming around the Horn, to write brief and forgotten names where ten thousand generations of wild Indians are equally forgotten--names like Halleck, Hastings, Swett, Tait, Denman, Tracy, Grimwood, Carlton, Temple.
When they were slaves, a coloured person was simply called "John" or "Susan." There was seldom occasion for more than the use of the one name. If "John" or "Susan" belonged to a white man by the name of "Hatcher," sometimes he was called "John Hatcher," or as often "Hatcher's John." But there was a feeling that "John Hatcher" or "Hatcher's John" was not the proper title by which to denote a freeman; and so in many cases "John Hatcher" was changed to "John S.
'What's the use of their having names the Gnat said, 'if they won't answer to them?'
The whites have assisted greatly in rendering the traditions of the Aborigines more obscure by their own manner of corrupting names. Thus, the term used in the title of this book has undergone the changes of Mahicanni, Mohicans, and Mohegans; the latter being the word commonly used by the whites.
AVERIL was so real to me that no matter what other name I tried to give her I just thought of her as AVERIL behind it all.
'Morning, morning, morning!' said Mr Boffin, with a wave of his hand, as the office door was opened by the dismal boy, whose appropriate name was Blight.
On the other hand, things are said to be named 'univocally' which have both the name and the definition answering to the name in common.