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in linguistics, the process by which linguistic elements are associated with the objects that they signify. Three aspects of naming are distinguished: the object named, the naming subject, and the linguistic means from which the selection is made. The object named may be a particular concept, a physical object, or an attribute (“beauty,” “to go,” “horse,” “white”); an object with modifiers (“white horse”); or an entire event (“Fire!,” “The train has arrived”). In this respect, different lexical and propositive names (the latter expressed by a word combination or sentence) are used.

The attribute selected as the basis for the name creates the inner form of the name. Thus, one and the same object may receive different names based on its different attributes. For example, the Russian detskii stul’chik, literally “children’s little chair,” is based on the object’s intended use, whereas the English “high chair” is based on the form of the object. The external form of a name is determined by the lexicogrammatical linguistic resources used in naming, so that names that signify identical concepts may differ in their outward form; for example, the Russian staryi chelovek and starik both denote “old man.”

The laws of naming are manifested not only in the ready-made naming resources of language (words, word combinations, grammatical forms) but in every act of speech in which an object is named on the basis of one of its characteristic attributes. Names for specific objects in a given language are relatively consistent, which ensures linguistic communication, but they are not absolute. An object may receive new names based on its other attributes (secondary naming), or the same name may designate other objects (figurative, or indirect, naming). The relative stability of naming determines the growth of the name-creating possibilities of a language and the use of such possibilities for literary purposes.


References in periodicals archive ?
It's curious that Eugene doesn't already have an official naming policy.
The council is considering a policy that would require naming proposals to go through a public comment process.
The city needs a uniform naming policy, and the proposal the council will review at today's work session looks solid - with few exceptions.
The council should clarify whether that restriction might preclude naming a facility after an individual whose name is synonymous with a business.
The British Humanist Society performs up to 300 naming ceremonies a year, the event lasting about 20 minutes.
In 10 years' time it will be a plain choice between having a christening or a naming ceremony.
But unlike many other post-moderns, Levinas also knows that the issue must be ethical-political: the face of the genuine other should release us from all desire for totality and open us further to a true sense of Infinity for naming and thinking God.
So, too, the new apocalyptic post-modern theologies find not merely ethical-political practice but the naming of God's very reality in the Revelation of the Hiddenness of God as the vulnerability and useless, innocent suffering of whole peoples in the cross of the history past and present: For these new theologies the principal self discourse of God's reality in our day is mediated in the powerful voices of all these others as well as in ethical-political action for these others.
Rather an adequate contemporary naming of the Divine reality, in our contemporary period, may be found, above all, in the very otherness and difference of those forms invented by the marginalized voices through whom God manifests Godself with an interruptive, Othering power reminiscent of honesty to life as it happens in history and read through the central prophetic and apocalyptic biblical narratives and Greek tragedy alike.
Applied Semantics' Naming Solutions division markets products and services designed specifically to meet the needs of registrars and the domain name industry.