Shrub species include redosier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera Michx.), gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa Lam.), common chokecherry (Prunus virginiana L.), nannyberry
(Viburnum lentago L.), ninebark [Physicarpus opulifolius (L.) Maxim.], nanking cherry (Prunus tomentosa Thunb.), silky dogwood (Cornus amomum Mill.) and highbush cranberry (Viburnum trilobum Marsh.).
(1) Silver maple - Acer saccharinum Slippery elm - Ulmus rubra Sugar maple - Acer saccharum Sweetgum - Liquidambar styriciflua Sycamore - Platanus occidentalis Basswood - Tilia americana Tuliptree - Liriodendron tulipifera Nannyberry
Viburnum -- Viburnum lentago (1) Water hyacinths - Eichhornia crassipes Weeping willow - Salix alba `Tristis' Witch hazel - Hamamelis spp.
I sometimes think that everything we esteem in this life, all that is good of the earth, is composed of promise, the promise embodied in all seeds--pine, chestnut, nannyberry
, ash--in the kernels of barleys and oats, iris corms and crocus corms, all pips and spores, the promise established in the repeated waxings and wanings of the moon, in the constant return of the sun, the covenant recognized in all eggs--noddy, razorbill, squid and lumpfish, violet-tail damselfly, in the multiple jelly egg-nets of toad and frog--plus the promises made by those sacred figures and symbols we trust, the rainbow, the early promise of a messiah, the promise of salvation announced by Christ.
Some trees and shrubs, such as birch, red-osier dogwood, sweet gum, nannyberry
and mountain laurel, provide not only food and shelter but add texture and color to the landscape during the bleaker months.
Vitis grape Zanthoxylum americanum Miller prickly ash Zizania aquatica L.
As a further measure, within the 210-foot section of scrub/shrub wetland where conventional trenching procedures were used, Columbia would plant cuttings from adjacent wetland shrubs (arrowwood, nannyberry
, and red osier dogwood) and other sources during the dormant season to accelerate re-establishment.