The thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) illustrated that the thermal degradation of nanocomposites samples were started at the range of 350-393 AdegC, which was appreciably higher than neat Nyl 6,6 (360 AdegC).
Both Nyl 6,6 and nanocomposites samples were also used for the adsorption of Neutral red chloride (NRC) dye, which significantly remove the dye from the aqueous solution.
Polymer nanocomposites, which have been attracting great attention from polymer engineers for last two decades, are generally composed of a polymer matrix and a type of nanofiller that has a size of at least one dimension <100 nm [1-5].
The polymer nanocomposites comprising the modified graphenes resulted in superior physical properties [9,34].
The TEM images in Figures 2(a) and 2(b) clearly show the difference in the morphology of neat PE and nanocomposite, respectively.
The variation in the storage modulus with temperature was studied as shown in Figure 3 for neat PE and the polymer nanocomposite. Incorporation of CNT causes a fall in the storage modulus of PE at all temperatures.
(i) 0D nanocomposite coatings: the filler are nanoparticles (3 dimensions in nanometer scale).
(ii) 1D nanocomposite coatings: the filler are nanotubes or whiskers (2 dimensions in nanometer scale).
The synthesized nanocomposites were collected by centrifugation and washed three times with distilled water and ethanol and then dried in a vacuum oven at 60[degrees]C overnight and labeled as GL1, GL2, and GL3, respectively.
Dye degradation procedure: the GL1, GL2 and GL3 nanocomposites were dispersed in distilled water and sonicated for 30 min to give 1 mg/mL suspension, respectively.
Montmorillonite is one of the most familiar natural clay used in the preparation of polymer clay nanocomposite
membrane because of its ability to be dispersed in the polymeric matrices at nanoscopic level  and only a small amount of this material was needed in the fabrication of nanocomposites
market size is estimated to be USD 4.1 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 8.5 billion by 2024