naphthene


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to naphthene: naphthalene, Aromatics, paraffins

naphthene

[′naf‚thēn]
(organic chemistry)
Any of the cycloparaffin derivatives of cyclopentane (C5H10) or cyclohexane (C6H12) found in crude petroleum.
References in periodicals archive ?
Monocyclic naphthene derivatives 84 and 85, terpenes 86-95, flavonoid 96, flavonoid glycosides 97-102 and some other compounds 103-107 are also reported.
Its chemical composition consists of a great variety of chemical components, which can be classified as asphaltenes, polar aromatics, naphthene aromatics and saturates.
For TLA, the ratio of naphthene aromatic: polar aromatic : asphaltene is approximately equal to one, unlike the other asphalts, which generally have a low proportion of asphaltenes compared with aromatics (Chattergoon et al.